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The Designated Hitter Rule and Team Defensive Strategy in Japan's Professional Baseball Leagues

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  • Akihiko Kawaura

    ()
    (Graduate School of Policy and Management, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan)

  • Sumner J. La Croix

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii and Economic Study Area, East-West Center)

Abstract

Economists have debated whether and why the designated hitter (DH) rule in North American major league baseball led to an increase in hit-batsmen. We use data from Japan's professional baseball leagues, the Pacific League (DH rule) and the Central League (no DH rule), to re-examine this question. Our empirical findings reveal increases in hit-batsmen in the Pacific League after we control for the DH's effect on team batting performance. We argue that the DH rule induced changes in managerial defensive strategies that led to more hit-batsmen. Subsequent rule changes reduced the effectiveness of these strategies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by East-West Center, Economics Study Area in its series Economics Study Area Working Papers with number 80.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: May 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ewc:wpaper:wp80

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  1. Goff, Brian L & Shughart, William F, II & Tollison, Robert D, 1998. "Moral Hazard and the Effects of the Designated Hitter Rule Revisited," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(4), pages 688-92, October.
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