Work Life Balance Programs at Workplaces in the US (Japanese)
AbstractWith the very limited policy intervention, work-life balance (WLB) enhancing programs available at workplaces in the US are not as prevalent as those observed in most continental European countries. Nevertheless, starting in the late 80s, firms began to introduce WLB enhancing programs, mostly in terms of flexible schedules, as ways to help workers and improve firm performance. The availability of workplace flexibility, however, has been mostly limited to highly skilled workers. This paper shows, using summary statistics from various surveys and results found in the literature, that a high degree of gender equality in the labor market, the necessary condition for firms to voluntarily start offering WLB enhancing programs, was already achieved by the mid-80s. In addition, to the extent that these programs facilitate women to balance work and family life, they induced highly skilled women to take on professional and managerial occupations, achieving even greater gender equality. Although the hours worked of highly skilled workers are still long in the US, with the added flexibility and a high degree of gender equality in the labor market, there is a sign of increasing gender equality even at home.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in its series Discussion Papers (Japanese) with number 11038.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: 11th floor, Annex, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 1-3-1, Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8901
Web page: http://www.rieti.go.jp/
More information through EDIRC
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-06-04 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (NUKATANI Sorahiko).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.