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Bank Dependence and Financial Constraints on Investment: Evidence from the corporate bond market paralysis in Japan

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  • UCHINO Taisuke

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal relationship between firms' bank dependence and financial constraints by utilizing the 2008 financial crisis and its impact on the Japanese economy as a natural experiment. Since the Japanese banking sector remained healthy while the corporate bond markets were paralyzed, firms that had reduced bank dependence were hit heavily by the shock. I examined whether firms with large holdings of corporate bonds maturing in 2008 were financially constrained, by comparing the changes in their investment expenditures and borrowing conditions with those of bank-dependent firms. The main empirical results show that (1) firms with large holdings of corporate bonds maturing in 2008 did not cut investment expenditures; (2) instead, they observed higher increments in bank loans; and (3) firms that maintained relatively close bank-firm relationships had more access to bank loans with low borrowing costs, but significant differences in investment expenditures were not found. These findings imply that although there is a cost to reducing bank dependence, it is not very high for Japanese listed firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in its series Discussion papers with number 11073.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:11073

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  1. Heitor Almeida & Murillo Campello & Bruno Laranjeira & Scott Weisbenner, 2009. "Corporate Debt Maturity and the Real Effects of the 2007 Credit Crisis," NBER Working Papers 14990, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Chava, Sudheer & Purnanandam, Amiyatosh, 2011. "The effect of banking crisis on bank-dependent borrowers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 116-135, January.
  3. R. Glenn Hubbard, 1990. "Introduction to "Asymmetric Information, Corporate Finance, and Investment"," NBER Chapters, in: Asymmetric Information, Corporate Finance, and Investment, pages 1-14 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521608275, April.
  5. R. Glenn Hubbard, 1990. "Asymmetric Information, Corporate Finance, and Investment," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number glen90-1, octubre-d.
  6. Sheard, Paul, 1989. "The main bank system and corporate monitoring and control in Japan," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 399-422, May.
  7. Osano, Hiroshi & Tsutsui, Yoshiro, 1985. "Implicit Contracts in the Japanese Bank Loan Market," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 211-229, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Kaoru Hosono & Miho Takizawa & Kenji Uchimoto & Keishi Hachisuka, 2013. "The Funding through Capital Market and Firm Behavior - Decision-making on IPOs, SEOs and Bond Issues and the Post-funding Investments and R&D Activities," Public Policy Review, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan, vol. 9(2), pages 315-364, March.

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