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Marginal Social Cost Pricing for all Transport modes and the effects of modal budget constraints

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Author Info

  • Stef Proost

    ()
    (K.U.Leuven, C.E.S., Energy, Transport and Environment)

  • Kurt Van Dender

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of California at Irvine)

Abstract

This paper studies the order of magnitude of the pricing corrections that are needed to implement marginal social cost pricing for all transport modes. With the TRENEN model we study this question for 6 areas in the EU. As marginal social cost pricing may generate important surpluses and deficits for the different modes, we also study the effects of two alternative pricing rules that satisfy budget constraints. We examine the effects of average cost pricing that guarantees a budget balance per mode. The second alternative pricing rule we study is social Ramsey pricing (or marginal social cost pricing with a budget constraint) where we impose a budget constraint at the level of the transport sector. We estimate transport effects and welfare effects of the three pricing rules. We show that average pricing rules may actually do worse than the present pricing rules and that social Ramsey pricing may achieve 50% or more of the maximal welfare gain.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment in its series Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series with number ete0311.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ete:etewps:ete0311

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Keywords: Transport pricing; optimal taxes; externalities; transport budget constraints;

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  1. De Borger, Bruno, 2001. "Discrete choice models and optimal two-part tariffs in the presence of externalities: optimal taxation of cars," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 471-504, July.
  2. Proost, S. & Van Dender, K. & Courcelle, C. & De Borger, B. & Peirson, J. & Sharp, D. & Vickerman, R. & Gibbons, E. & O'Mahony, M. & Heaney, Q. & Van den Bergh, J. & Verhoef, E., 2002. "How large is the gap between present and efficient transport prices in Europe?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 41-57, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Batarce, Marco & Ivaldi, Marc, 2010. "Travel Demand Model with Heterogeneous Users and Endogenous Congestion: An application to optimal pricing of bus services," TSE Working Papers 10-226, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Apr 2011.
  2. Inge Mayeres & Stef Proost, 2004. "Towards better transport pricing and taxation in Belgium," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 23-43.
  3. Tirachini, Alejandro & Hensher, David A. & Rose, John M., 2014. "Multimodal pricing and optimal design of urban public transport: The interplay between traffic congestion and bus crowding," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 33-54.
  4. Safirova, Elena A. & Houde, Sébastien & Harrington, Winston, 2008. "Marginal Social Cost Pricing on a Transportation Network: Comparison of Second-Best Policies," Discussion Papers dp-07-52, Resources For the Future.
  5. Batarce, Marco & Ivaldi, Marc, 2011. "Travel Demand Model with Heterogeneous Users and Endogenous Congestion: An application to optimal pricing of bus services," CEPR Discussion Papers 8416, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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