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An Afriat Theorem for the collective model of household consumption

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  • Laurens Cherchye
  • Bram De Rock
  • Frederic Vermeulen

Abstract

We provide a nonparametric ‘revealed preference’ characterization of rational household behavior in terms of the collective consumption model, while accounting for general (possibly non-convex) individual preferences. We establish a Collective Axiom of Revealed Preference (CARP), which provides a necessary and sufficient condition for data consistency with collective rationality. Our main result takes the form of a ‘collective’ version of the Afriat Theorem for rational behavior in terms of the unitary model. This theorem has some interesting implications. With only a finite set of observations, the nature of consumption externalities (positive or negative) in the intra-household allocation process is non-testable. The same non-testability conclusion holds for privateness (with or without externalities) or publicness of consumption. By contrast, concavity of individual utility functions (representing convex preferences) turns out to be testable. In addition, monotonicity is testable for the model that assumes all household consumption is public.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën in its series Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers with number ces0825.

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Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ete:ceswps:ces0825

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  1. Laurens Cherchye & Frederic Vermeulen, 2003. "Nonparametric Analysis of Household Labour Supply: Goodness-of-Fit and Power of the Unitary and the Collective Model," Public Economics Working Paper Series ces0302, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Working Group Public Economics.
  2. Fran�ois Bourguignon & Martin Browning & Pierre-André Chiappori, 2009. "Efficient Intra-Household Allocations and Distribution Factors: Implications and Identification," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(2), pages 503-528.
  3. Laurens Cherchye & Bram De Rock & Jeroen Sabbe & Frederic Vermeulen, 2008. "Nonparametric tests of collectively rational consumption behavior: an integer programming procedure," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/131712, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Donald J. Brown & Rosa L. Matzkin, 1995. "Testable Restrictions on the Equilibrium Manifold," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1109, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  5. Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy, 1997. "A Test of the Unitary and Collective Models of Household Labour Supply," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(443), pages 933-55, July.
  6. Bram De Rock & Laurens Cherchye & Frederic Vermeulen, 2008. "Analyzing cost efficient production behavior under economies of scope: a nonparametric methodology," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7536, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  7. Browning, Martin & Francois Bourguignon & Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Valerie Lechene, 1994. "Income and Outcomes: A Structural Model of Intrahousehold Allocation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1067-96, December.
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  12. Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1988. "Rational Household Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(1), pages 63-90, January.
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  14. Forges, Françoise & Minelli, Enrico, 2009. "Afriat's theorem for general budget sets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(1), pages 135-145, January.
  15. Donald J. Brown & Chris Shannon, 1998. "Uniqueness, Stability, and Comparative Statics in Rationalizable Walrasian Markets," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1170, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  16. Laurens Cherchye & Ian Crawford & Bram De Rock & Frederic Vermeulen, 2009. "The revealed preference approach to demand," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/132522, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  17. Diewert, W E, 1973. "Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 419-25, July.
  18. Cherchye, Laurens & De Rock, Bram & Vermeulen, Frederic, 2007. "The Revealed Preference Approach to Collective Consumption Behavior: Testing, Recovery and Welfare Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 3062, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  19. Cherchye, L.J.H. & Rock, B. de & Vermeulen, F.M.P., 2004. "The Collective Model of Household Consumption: A Nonparametric Characterization," Discussion Paper 2004-76, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  20. Mas-Colell, Andreu & Whinston, Michael D. & Green, Jerry R., 1995. "Microeconomic Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195102680.
  21. Browning, M. & Chiappori, P.A., 1994. "Efficient Intra-Household allocations: A General Characterization and Empirical Tests," DELTA Working Papers 94-16, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  22. P.-A. Chiappori & I. Ekeland, 2009. "The Microeconomics of Efficient Group Behavior: Identification," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(3), pages 763-799, 05.
  23. Guesnerie, Roger, 1975. "Pareto Optimality in Non-Convex Economies," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 43(1), pages 1-29, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Laurens Cherchye & Bram De Rock & Vincenzo Platino, 2010. "Private versus public consumption within groups : testing the nature of goods from aggregate data," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00543999, HAL.
  2. Fabrice Talla Nobibon & Laurens Cherchye & Bram De Rock & Jeroen Sabbe & Frits C.R. Spieksma, 2008. "Heuristics for deciding collectively rational consumption behavior," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0824, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  3. Ennio Bilancini, 2011. "On the rationalizability of observed consumers’ choices when preferences depend on budget sets and (potentially) on anything else," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 102(3), pages 275-286, April.
  4. Cherchye, Laurens & De Rock, Bram & Lewbel, Arthur & Vermeulen, Frederic, 2012. "Sharing Rule Identification for General Collective Consumption Models," IZA Discussion Papers 6571, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Ekeland, Ivar & Galichon, Alfred, 2012. "The housing problem and revealed preference theory: duality and an application," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10574, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Ennio Bilancini, 2010. "On the Rationalizability of Observed Consumers Choise when Prefeerences else," Department of Economics 0636, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
  7. Per Hjertstrand & James Swofford, 2012. "Revealed preference tests for consistency with weakly separable indirect utility," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 72(2), pages 245-256, February.

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