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Does the Welfare State Affect Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants? Evidence Across Countries

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  • Giovanni Facchini

    ()

  • Anna Maria Mayda

    ()

Abstract

This paper analyzes welfare-state determinants of individual attitudes towards immigrants - within and across countries - and their interaction with labor-market drivers of preferences. We consider two different mechanisms through which a redistributive welfare system might adjust as a result of immigration. In the first model, immigration has a larger impact on individuals at the top of the income distribution, while under the second model it is low-income individuals who are most affected through this channel. Individual attitudes are consistent with the first welfare-state model and with labor-market determinants of immigration attitudes. In countries where natives are on average more skilled than immigrants, individual income is negatively correlated with pro-immigration preferences, while individual skill is positively correlated with them. These relationships have the opposite signs in economies characterized by skilled migration (relative to the native population). These results are confirmed when we exploit international differences in the characteristics of destination countries' welfare state.

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Paper provided by University of Essex, Department of Economics in its series Economics Discussion Papers with number 644.

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Date of creation: 14 Oct 2007
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Handle: RePEc:esx:essedp:644

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