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Globalization, National Innovation Systems and Response of Public Policy

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  • Lakhwinder Singh

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Abstract

This paper attempts to analyse the role of public innovation policies for creating national innovative capabilities in the context of the fast pace of globalization. It is fairly well established both in theory and practice that innovative expenditure will be low if left in the hands of private economic agents of production as they have a tendency to under invest due to public good property of the outcomes of R&D. It is argued that developing economies have in fact neglected essential innovative investment policies compared with the articulated response of the developed countries keeping in view secured competitive advantage. The paper concludes by exploring the role of international institutions and national governments to strengthen the national innovation systems through innovative interventions at national and international levels.

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Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:809.

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Date of creation: Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:809

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  1. Robert E. Evenson & Lakhwinder Singh, 1997. "Economic Growth, International Technological Spillovers and Public Policy: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Asia," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 777, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  2. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-51, March.
  3. Andreas Savvides & Marios Zachariadis, 2005. "International Technology Diffusion and the Growth of TFP in the Manufacturing Sector of Developing Economies," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(4), pages 482-501, November.
  4. Coe, David T & Helpman, Elhanan, 1993. "International R&D Spillovers," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 840, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive, David K. Levine 2232, David K. Levine.
  6. Guifang Yang & Maskus, Keith E., 2003. "Intellectual property rights, licensing, and innovation," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2973, The World Bank.
  7. Fagerberg, Jan & Verspagen, Bart, 2002. "Technology-gaps, innovation-diffusion and transformation: an evolutionary interpretation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1291-1304, December.
  8. Coe, David T & Helpman, Elhanan & Hoffmaister, Alexander W, 1997. "North-South R&D Spillovers," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(440), pages 134-49, January.
  9. Evenson, R.E. & Singh, L., 1997. "Economic Growth, International Technological Spillovers and Public Policy: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Asia," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 777, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  10. Papageorgiou, Chris & Savvides, Andreas & Zachariadis, Marios, 2007. "International medical technology diffusion," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 409-427, July.
  11. David L. Carr & James R. Markusen & Keith E. Maskus, 1998. "Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 6773, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Xu, Bin, 2000. "Multinational enterprises, technology diffusion, and host country productivity growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 477-493, August.
  13. Narula,Rajneesh & Sadowski,Bert M., 1998. "Technological catch-up and strategic technology partnering in developing countries," Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 001, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  14. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles, Harvard University Department of Economics 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  15. Mani, Sunil, 1999. "Public Innovation Policies and Developing Countries In a Phase of Economic Liberalisation," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series, United Nations University - INTECH 02, United Nations University - INTECH.
  16. Fagerberg, Jan, 1987. "A technology gap approach to why growth rates differ," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 87-99, August.
  17. Aitken, Brian & Harrison, Ann & DEC, 1994. "Do domestic firms benefit from foreign direct investment? Evidence from panel data," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1248, The World Bank.
  18. Shahid Yusuf, 2003. "Innovative East Asia : The Future of Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, The World Bank, number 15158, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Cornelius Herstatt & Rajnish Tiwari & Dieter Ernst, 2008. "India's National Innovation System: Key Elements and Corporate Perspectives," Economics Study Area Working Papers, East-West Center, Economics Study Area 96, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
  2. Singh, Lakhwinder & Singh, Baldev, 2009. "National Innovation System in the Era of Liberalization: Implications for Science and Technology Policy for Developing Economies," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 15432, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Singh, Lakhwinder, 2006. "Innovations, High-Tech Trade and Industrial Development: Theory, Evidence and Policy," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2006/27, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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  1. Socio-Economics of Innovation

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