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Building Technological Capability in Developing Countries: The Case for a Technology Policy

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  • Mozammel Huq

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Abstract

The paper offers some reflections on technological capability building in the context of low-income developing countries. The issue is of particular concern, especially in an economic climate of liberalisation hostile to direct state intervention, at a time when the less developed countries are struggling to compete. The paper surveys the state of technology policy in three countries of the Indian sub-continent -India, Bangladesh and Nepal in order to draw some lessons. The externalities and market imperfections involved in technology development are so substantial that, if left to market forces without a technology policy, there seems little prospect of the successful building of technological capability by low-income developing countries. This does not necessarily imply direct public production of R&D; given the experience of government failures in implementing efficient resource allocation in developing countries, the specific role of the government requires careful consideration. [DSA, Annual conference 2003: Globalisation and Development]

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:759.

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Date of creation: Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:759

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Keywords: technology; development; capacity; R&D; developing countries; policy;

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  1. Klaus E Meyer, 1997. "Learning from the Asian Tigers. Studies in Technology and Industrial Policy," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(1), pages 95-97, April.
  2. Chen, Cheng-Fen & Sewell, Graham, 1996. "Strategies for technological development in South Korea and Taiwan: the case of semiconductors," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 759-783, August.
  3. Khan, Mahmood Hasan & Akbari, Ather Hussain, 1986. "Impact of Agricultural Research and Extension on crop productivity in Pakistan: A production function approach," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 757-762, June.
  4. Teitel, Simon & Colman Sercovich, Francisco, 1984. "Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(5-6), pages 645-660.
  5. Kim, Linsu, 1980. "Stages of development of industrial technology in a developing country: A model," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 254-277, July.
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