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Group Norms and the BRAC Village Organization – Enhancing Social Capital Baseline

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  • Nayma Qayum
  • Mrinmoy Samadder
  • Rehnuma Rahman
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    Abstract

    This study used social capital as an organizing framework to capture VO members’ group behaviour, and their current status along programme activities. The study compared the status of intervention VOs with comparison VOs. Data were derived from 728 VO meeting observations and 2445 semi-structured interviews of VO members. Geographical and infrastructural factors explained some differences among intervention and control groups. Village Organizations (VO) presidents performed better than the general VO/members (GM). VO group solidarity, individual trust, the VO’s client-friendliness, and years of education influenced the extent to which VO members adhered to good VO group norms. [BRAC Working Paper No. 29]. URL:[http://www.bracresearch.org/workingpapers/RED%20Working_Paper_29.pdf].

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:4984.

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    Date of creation: May 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:4984

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    Related research

    Keywords: BRAC Village Organization; VO; Social Capital Baseline; VO group norms; semi-structured interviews; institutional efficiency; microfinance institutions; developing countries; sustainability; household income;

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    1. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1990. "Peer Monitoring and Credit Markets," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 4(3), pages 351-66, September.
    2. Thorp, Rosemary & Stewart, Frances & Heyer, Amrik, 2005. "When and how far is group formation a route out of chronic poverty?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 907-920, June.
    3. Mark M. Pitt & Shahidur R. Khandker & Omar Haider Chowdhury & Daniel L. Millimet, 1998. "Credit Programs for the Poor and the Nutritional Status of Children in Rural Bangladesh," Working Papers 98-4, Brown University, Department of Economics, revised 16 Jan 1998.
    4. Simanowitz, Anton, 2003. "Appraising the Poverty Outreach of Microfinance: A Review of the CGAP Poverty Assessment Tool (PAT)," Occasional Papers, University of Sussex, Imp-Act: Improving the Impact of Microfinance on Poverty: Action Research Program 23743, University of Sussex, Imp-Act: Improving the Impact of Microfinance on Poverty: Action Research Program.
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    6. Dean S. Karlan, 2005. "Social Connections and Group Banking," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies. 181, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
    7. Lynn Bennett & Mike Goldberg & Pamela Hunte, 1996. "Ownership and sustainability: Lessons on group-based financial services from South Asia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 271-288.
    8. Hashemi, Syed M. & Schuler, Sidney Ruth & Riley, Ann P., 1996. "Rural credit programs and women's empowerment in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 635-653, April.
    9. Panjaitan-Drioadisuryo, R.D.M. & Cloud, Kathleen, 1999. "Gender, self-employment and microcredit programs An Indonesian case study," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 769-779.
    10. Kabeer, Naila, 2001. "Conflicts Over Credit: Re-Evaluating the Empowerment Potential of Loans to Women in Rural Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 63-84, January.
    11. Mark M. Pitt & Shahidur R. Khandker & Omar Haider Chowdhury & Daniel L. Millimet, 2003. "Credit Programs for the Poor And the Health Status of Children in Rural Bangladesh," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 44(1), pages 87-118, February.
    12. Woolcock, Michael & Narayan, Deepa, 2000. "Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 225-49, August.
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