From Monasteries to Multinationals (and Back): A Historical Review of the Beer Economy
AbstractThis article reviews beer production, consumption and the industrial organization of breweries throughout history. Monasteries were the centers of the beer economy in the early Middle Ages. Innovation and increased demand later induced the growth of commercial breweries. Globalization and scientific discoveries transformed the beer industry and increased competition from the 16th through the 19th century. The 20th century was characterized by dramatic (domestic and international) consolidation, major shifts in consumption patterns, and the re-emergence of small breweries. [Discussion Paper 294/2011]. URL:[http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/licos/DP/DP2011/DP294.pdf].
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:4509.
Date of creation: Oct 2011
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economic history; history of beer; monasteries; innovation and taxation in brewing; modern brewing; consolidation and globalization; domestic; international; consumption patterns; dramatic; domestic; international; India; China; Euphrate rivers; Egypt; France; Spain; Belgium; Germany; Britain; peasants; tax evasion; scientists;
Other versions of this item:
- Eline Poelmans & Johan F.M.Swinnen, 2011. "From Monasteries to Multinationals (and Back): A Historical Review of the Beer Economy," LICOS Discussion Papers 29411, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
- N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
- N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
- L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
- L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
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