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Efficiency and Productivity Growth in Indian Banking

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  • S S Rajan

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  • K L N Reddy
  • V N Pandit

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    Abstract

    This paper attempts to examine technical efficiency and productivity performance of Indian scheduled commercial banks, for the period 1979-2008. A model is constructed using multiple output/multiple input technology production frontier using semiparametric estimation methods. The endogenity of multiple outputs is addressed by semi parametric estimates in part by introducing multivariate kernel estimators for the joint distribution of the multiple outputs and correlated random effects. Output is measured as the rupee value of total loans and total investments at the end of the year. The estimates provide robust inferences of the productivity and efficiency gains due to economic reforms. [Working Paper No.199]. URL:[http://www.cdedse.org/]

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:4359.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:4359

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    Related research

    Keywords: efficeincy; productivity; growth; Indian banking; Frontier efficiency; banking; multivariate; economic reforms; semiparametric estimation; technology; production function; foreign banks; cash reserve ratio; CRR; Indian scheduled commercial banks;

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    1. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-74, October.
    2. Benston, George J & Hanweck, Gerald A & Humphrey, David B, 1982. "Scale Economies in Banking: A Restructuring and Reassessment," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 14(4), pages 435-56, November.
    3. Bhattacharyya, Arunava & Lovell, C. A. K. & Sahay, Pankaj, 1997. "The impact of liberalization on the productive efficiency of Indian commercial banks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 332-345, April.
    4. Berger, Allen N. & Hanweck, Gerald A. & Humphrey, David B., 1987. "Competitive viability in banking : Scale, scope, and product mix economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 501-520, December.
    5. Hancock, Diana, 1985. "The Financial Firm: Production with Monetary and Nonmonetary Goods," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 859-80, October.
    6. Kumbhakar, Subal C & Sarkar, Subrata, 2003. " Deregulation, Ownership, and Productivity Growth in the Banking Industry: Evidence from India," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 35(3), pages 403-24, June.
    7. Abhiman Das & K. R. Sanmugam, 2004. "Efficiency of Indian commercial banks during the reform period," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 0410005, EconWPA.
    8. Abhiman Das & Ashok Nag & Subhash Ray, 2004. "Liberalization, Ownership, and Efficiency in Indian Banking: A Nonparametric Approach," Working papers, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics 2004-29, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    9. Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, 1992. "Measurement and Efficiency Issues in Commercial Banking," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Output Measurement in the Service Sectors, pages 245-300 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Sealey, Calvin W, Jr & Lindley, James T, 1977. "Inputs, Outputs, and a Theory of Production and Cost at Depository Financial Institutions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, American Finance Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1251-66, September.
    11. Pitt, Mark M. & Lee, Lung-Fei, 1981. "The measurement and sources of technical inefficiency in the Indonesian weaving industry," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 43-64, August.
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