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Who Are the MDG Trailblazers? A New MDG Progress Index

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  • Benjamin Leo
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    Abstract

    In September, world leaders will assemble in New York to review progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Ahead of the ensuing discussions, we examine how individual countries are faring towards achieving the highly ambitious MDG targets. We outline a new MDG Progress Index, which compares country performance against the core MDG targets on poverty, hunger, gender equality, education, child mortality, health, and water. Overall, we find evidence of dramatic achievements by many poor countries such as Honduras, Laos, Ethiopia, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Nepal, Cambodia, and Ghana. In fact, these countries’ performance suggests that they may achieve most of the highly ambitious MDGs. Moreover, sub-Saharan Africa accounts for many of the star MDG performers. Interestingly, poor countries perform nearly on par with middle-income countries. Not surprisingly, the list of laggards largely consists of countries devastated by conflict over the last few decades, such as Afghanistan, Burundi, the DRC, and Guinea-Bissau. Most countries fall somewhere in between, demonstrating solid progress on some indicators and little on others.[WP 222] http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1424377

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    Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:2926.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2926

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    Keywords: MDGs; MDG targets; poverty; hunger; literacy; gender equality; education; child mortality; health; water; MDG country performances; conflicts and MDGs;

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    1. Hansen, Henrik & Tarp, Finn, 2001. "Aid and growth regressions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 547-570, April.
    2. Michael Clemens & Charles Kenny & Todd Moss, 2004. "The Trouble with the MDGs: Confronting Expectations of Aid and Development Success," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 0405011, EconWPA.
    3. Michael Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil Bhavnani, 2004. "Counting Chickens When They Hatch: The Short-term Effect of Aid on Growth," Working Papers, Center for Global Development 44, Center for Global Development.
    4. Easterly, William, 2009. "How the Millennium Development Goals are Unfair to Africa," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 26-35, January.
    5. Rodrik, Dani & Subramanian, Arvind & Trebbi, Francesco, 2002. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3643, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Alejandro Ramirez & Gustav Ranis & Frances Stewart, . "Economic Growth and Human Development -," QEH Working Papers, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford qehwps18, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    7. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    8. Ravallion, Martin, 1997. "Good and bad growth: The human development reports," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 631-638, May.
    9. Kraay, Aart, 2006. "When is growth pro-poor? Evidence from a panel of countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 198-227, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Go, Delfin S. & Quijada, Jose Alejandro, 2011. "Assessing the odds of achieving the MDGs," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 5825, The World Bank.
    2. Sumner, Andy, 2012. "Where Do The Poor Live?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 865-877.

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