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Residential Location and Youth Unemployment: The Economic Geography of School-To-Work

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  • Regina T. Riphahn

Abstract

In response to increased international policy attention to youth unemployment this study investigates post-secondary school transitions of school leavers. Multinomial log it models are estimated for male and female German youth. The models control for individual, parent, and household characteristics, for those of the youth’s region of residence and local labor markets. The findings suggest that immigrant youth has particularly low participation rates in continued education, and that youth unemployment is centered in high unemployment states and metropolitan areas. Recent changes in academic benefit policies do not seem to be correlated with changes in academic enrollment, whereas men’s transitions to the military do reflect recent changes in defense policies. [IZA DP No. 99]

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:2648.

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Date of creation: Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2648

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Keywords: School-to-Work; youth unemployment; local labor markets;

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References

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  1. Andrews, Martyn & Bradley, Steve, 1997. "Modelling the Transition from School and the Demand for Training in the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(255), pages 387-413, August.
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  6. Inkmann, Joachim & Klotz, Stefan & Pohlmeier, Winfried, 1998. "Growing into Work - Pseudo Panel Data Evidence on Labor Market Entrance in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 98-47, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. David T. Ellwood, 1982. "Teenage Unemployment: Permanent Scars or Temporary Blemishes?," NBER Chapters, in: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, pages 349-390 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Micklewright, John, 1989. "Choice at Sixteen," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(221), pages 25-39, February.
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  10. Leslie, Derek & Drinkwater, Stephen, 1999. "Staying on in Full-Time Education: Reasons for Higher Participation Rates among Ethnic Minority Males and Females," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(261), pages 63-77, February.
  11. Manski, Charles F, 1993. "Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 531-42, July.
  12. Patricia Rice, 1999. "The impact of local labour markets on investment in further education: Evidence from the England and Wales youth cohort studies," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 287-312.
  13. Heckman, James & Singer, Burton, 1984. "A Method for Minimizing the Impact of Distributional Assumptions in Econometric Models for Duration Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(2), pages 271-320, March.
  14. Merz, M. & Schimmelpfenning, A., 1999. "Career Choices of German High School Graduates: Evidence from the German Socio-Economic Panel," Economics Working Papers, European University Institute eco99/11, European University Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. Haas, Anette & Damelang, Andreas, 2007. "Labour market entry of migrants in Germany : does cultural diversity matter?," IAB Discussion Paper 200718, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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