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Political Selection and the Quality of Evidence: Evidence form South India

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  • Rohini Pande

    ()

  • Timothy Besley

    ()

  • Vijayendra Rao

    ()

Abstract

This paper uses household data from India to examine the economic and social status of village politicians, and how individual and village characteristics a®ect politician behavior while in o±ce. Education increases the chances of selection to public o±ce and reduces the odds that a politician uses political power opportunistically. In contrast, land ownership and political connections enable selection but do not a®ect politician opportunism. At the village level, changes in the identity of the politically dominant group alters the group allocation of resources but not politician opportunism. Improved information °ows in the village, however, reduce opportunism and improve resource allocation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:261.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:261

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Related research

Keywords: governance; South India; politicians; Political Economy; Political Science;

References

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  1. Caselli, Francesco & Morelli, Massimo, 2004. "Bad politicians," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(3-4), pages 759-782, March.
  2. Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo, 2004. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1409-1443, 09.
  3. Poutvaara, Panu & Takalo, Tuomas, 2004. "Candidate Quality," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 1195, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Dee, Thomas S., 2004. "Are there civic returns to education?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1697-1720, August.
  5. Milligan, Kevin & Moretti, Enrico & Oreopoulos, Philip, 2004. "Does education improve citizenship? Evidence from the United States and the United Kingdom," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1667-1695, August.
  6. Martin J. Osborne & Al Slivinksi, 1995. "A Model of Political Competition with Citizen-Candidates," Department of Economics Working Papers, McMaster University 1995-01, McMaster University.
  7. David S. Lee & Enrico Moretti & Matthew J. Butler, 2004. "Do Voters Affect Or Elect Policies? Evidence from the U. S. House," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 119(3), pages 807-859, August.
  8. Tim Besley & Stephen Coate, . "An Economic Model of Representative Democracy," Penn CARESS Working Papers, Penn Economics Department ecf70d639d700dba5327ab0c8, Penn Economics Department.
  9. Gehlbach, Scott & Sonin, Konstantin, 2004. "Businessman Candidates: Special-Interest Politics in Weakly Institutionalized Environments," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4822, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Timothy Besley & Rohini Pande & Vijayendra Rao, 2005. "Participatory Democracy in Action: Survey Evidence from South India," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 648-657, 04/05.
  11. John Ferejohn, 1986. "Incumbent performance and electoral control," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 5-25, January.
  12. Faguet, Jean-Paul, 2004. "Does decentralization increase government responsiveness to local needs?: Evidence from Bolivia," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(3-4), pages 867-893, March.
  13. Benjamin F. Jones & Benjamin A. Olken, 2005. "Do Leaders Matter? National Leadership and Growth Since World War II," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 120(3), pages 835-864, August.
  14. Timothy Besley, 2004. "Joseph Schumpeter Lecture: Paying Politicians: Theory and Evidence," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 193-215, 04/05.
  15. Robert Barro, 1973. "The control of politicians: An economic model," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 19-42, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Geys, Benny & Mause, Karsten, 2011. "Moonlighting politicians: A survey and research agenda," Discussion Papers, Research Professorship & Project "The Future of Fiscal Federalism", Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP II 2011-101, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  2. Bruno S. Frey, 2007. "Evaluierungen, Evaluierungen H Evaluitis," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8(3), pages 207-220, 08.
  3. Go Kotera & Nobuhiro Mizuno & Keisuke Okada & Sovannroeun Samreth, 2011. "Ethnic Diversity, Democracy, and Health: Theory and Evidence," KIER Working Papers, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research 790, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  4. Thomas Markussen & Jean-Robert Tyran, 2010. "Serving the Public Interest," Discussion Papers, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics 10-11, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.

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