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Racial Inequality and Segregation Measures: Some Evidence from the 2000 Census

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  • Rohini Somanathan

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  • Rajiv Sethi

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which income differences across the racial groups can account for observed residential segregation. The authors adopt an approach to the decomposition of segregation measures that combines the method of indirect standardization with the idea that some degree of segregation is the outcome of purely random processes. The authors use the dissimilarity index as a measure of segregation and data on race and income from US metropolitan areas for 2000. The study finds that the role played by racial income inequality in accounting for segregation is modest but varies significantly across the cities. The role of racial income inequality as a determinant of segregation will increase over time. For those cities, where the share of black households is relatively small, it may be useful to adjust existing measures of dissimilarity to better capture the role of non-income factors in determining segregation. [CDE-DSE WP no.177]

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:2104.

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Date of creation: Jun 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2104

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Keywords: US; racial inequality; segregation measures; residential segregation; dissimilarity index; racial income inequality; racial income disparity.;

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  1. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 455-506, June.
  2. George Galster, 1988. "Residential segregation in American cities: A contrary review," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 93-112, May.
  3. Rajiv Sethi & Rohini Somanathan, 2001. "Inequality and Segregation," Microeconomics 0108005, EconWPA.
  4. Nancy A. Denton & Douglas S. Massey, . "Residential Segregation of Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians by Socioeconomic Status and Generation," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 88-2, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  5. W. Clark, 1991. "Residential preferences and neighborhood racial segregation: A test of the schelling segregation model," Demography, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 1-19, February.
  6. Denton, N.A. & Massey, D.S., 1988. "Residential Segregation Of Blacks, Hispanics, And Asians By Socioeconomic Status And Generation," University of Chicago - Economics Research Center 88-2, Chicago - Economics Research Center.
  7. Schelling, Thomas C, 1969. "Models of Segregation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 488-93, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Davis, Jullet A. & Weech-Maldonado, Robert & Lapane, Kate L. & Laberge, Alex, 2014. "Contextual determinants of US nursing home racial/ethnic diversity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 142-147.

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