The Effects of Human Capital on Output Growth in ICT Industries: Evidence from OECD Countries
AbstractInformation and communication technologies (ICT) play a central role in the transition to knowledge - based economies. In this paper we analyse the effects of human capital in fostering output growth in ICT manufacturing and services using data from a sample of twenty OECD countries over the period 1980-2002. We focus on within country between industry differences and estimate a system of simultaneous equations to account for simultaneous effects of human capital on physical investment and output growth. The results of our econometric analysis suggest that countries with a high human capital stock experienced faster output growth in ICT producing manufacturing and ICT using services. Also, in countries with high human capital improvement over the analysed period output grew relatively faster in ICT producing manufacturing industries. Furthermore, we find that past country level educational attainment reflected in the human capital stock and human capital accumulation over the analysed period had a direct positive and significant effect on physical capital investment. Our findings indicate that in developed countries human capital is an important factor driving the ICT industries growth.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP184.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision:
Human capital; ICT industries; Economic growth;
Other versions of this item:
- Murphy, Gavin & Traistaru-Siedschlag, Iulia, 2007. "The Effects of Human Capital on Output Growth in ICT Industries: Evidence from OECD Countries," Papers DYNREG07, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-08-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2007-08-14 (Education)
- NEP-HRM-2007-08-14 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-ICT-2007-08-14 (Information & Communication Technologies)
- NEP-KNM-2007-08-14 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-MAC-2007-08-14 (Macroeconomics)
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