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Indirect Tax Distortions in a Europe of Shopkeepers

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Author Info

  • John FitzGerald

    (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI))

  • Justin Johnston

    (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI))

  • James Williams

    (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI))

Abstract

The changed circumstances of the EU after 1992 have a given rise to concern about possible indirect tax competition and related economic distortions. This paper develops a model, incorporating both a production and a retail sector, to examine the effects of different VAT regimes. This model is applied to data on consumer behaviour in the proximity of the Ireland-UK and the Denmark-German borders showing that the potential size of ?border? areas, where distortion may be expected, is relatively small. The paper suggests that there are very limited incentives for governments to act strategically in choosing their indirect tax rates.

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File URL: http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20071023120448/WP056.pdf
File Function: First version, 1995
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP056.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Jan 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp056

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Related research

Keywords: VAT regimes; Indirect Tax Distortions; Cross-Border Shopping; Tax Competition;

References

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  1. FitzGerald, John & Quinn, T. P. & Whelan, Brendan J. & Williams, J. A., 1988. "An Analysis of Cross-Border Shopping," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number GRS137.
  2. Charles Engel & John H. Rogers, 1995. "How wide is the border?," Research Working Paper 95-09, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  3. Lockwood, Ben, 1992. "Commodity Tax Competition Under Destination and Origin Principles," CEPR Discussion Papers 733, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Diamond, Peter A & Mirrlees, James A, 1971. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production: I--Production Efficiency," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 8-27, March.
  5. Berglas, Eitan, 1981. "Harmonization of commodity taxes : Destination, origin and restricted origin principles," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 377-387, December.
  6. Lockwood, Ben & Meza, David & de Myles, Gareth D, 1994. " The Equivalence between Destination and Non-reciprocal Restricted Origin Tax Regimes," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(3), pages 311-28.
  7. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1990. "Tax harmonization and tax competition in Europe," Munich Reprints in Economics 19846, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Trandel, Gregory A., 1992. "Evading the use tax on cross-border sales : Pricing and welfare effects," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 313-331, December.
  9. Cnossen, Sijbren, 1990. "The case for tax diversity in the European community," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2-3), pages 471-479, May.
  10. Bode, Eckhardt & Krieger-Boden, Christiane & Lammers, Konrad, 1994. "Cross-border activities, taxation and the European single market," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 799, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rizzo, Leonzio, 2000. "Equalisation and Fiscal Competition," MPRA Paper 5335, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Sijbren Cnossen, 2002. "Tax Policy in the European Union: A Review of Issues and Options," CESifo Working Paper Series 758, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Overall Macroeconomic Assessment," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 6, pages 143-169 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  4. Rizzo, Leonzio, 2006. "Local government responsiveness to federal transfers: theory and evidence," MPRA Paper 5373, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Rizzo, Leonzio, 2005. "Interaction between Vertical and Horizontal tax Competition: Theory and Evidence," MPRA Paper 5334, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Adapting to Regime Change," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, pages 10-36 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  7. Baker, Terence J. & Duffy, David & Duggan, Delma & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "The Manufacturing Sector," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 7, pages 174-221 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  8. John FitzGerald & Fergal Shortall, 1998. "Exchange Rate Changes and the Transmission of Inflation," Papers WP096, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  9. Baker, Terence J. & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS28.
  10. Bernd Genser & Andreas Haufler, 1996. "Tax competition, tax coordination and tax harmonization: The effects of EMU," Empirica, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 59-89, February.
  11. Kelly, Jane & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "The Tourism Sector," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 11, pages 321-338 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  12. Morgenroth, Edgar & FitzGerald, John & FitzGerald, John, 2006. "Summary and Conclusions," Book Chapters, in: Morgenroth, Edgar (ed.), Ex-Ante Evaluation of the Investment Priorities for the National Development Plan 2007-2013, chapter 24, pages 317-333 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    • Baker, Terence J. & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Summary and Conclusions," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 12, pages 339-352 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  13. Duggan, Delma & FitzGerald, John & Johnston, Justin & Kelly, Jane & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "The Macroeconomy in Stable Conditions," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, pages 50-86 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  14. Hansen, Mads J. N. G., 1999. "Cross-border Shopping and the Environment," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa206, European Regional Science Association.
  15. Duggan, Delma & FitzGerald, John & Johnston, Justin & Kavanagh, Ella & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Macroeconomic Response to Shocks," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 5, pages 105-142 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  16. Cnossen,Sijbren, 2002. "Tax policy in the european union, A review of issues and options," Research Memorandum 023, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  17. Baker, Terence J. & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Introduction," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.), Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 1, pages 1-9 Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).

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