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Can Declining Energy Intensity Mitigate Climate Change? Decomposition and Meta-Regression Results

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  • Stephan B. Bruns
  • Christian Gross

Abstract

Drawing on the Kaya identity, we assess the role of the main driver of the decline in carbon intensity, namely the (economic) energy intensity. Using meta-signi?ficance testing for a sample of 44 studies, dealing with the causality between energy and GDP, we ?find that both variables are strongly coupled. Hence, after having exhausted energy savings from nonrecurring structural changes, the economic energy intensity may soon converge than being arbitrarily reducible. We suggest, therefore, not to rely on further reductions of economic energy intensity but rather to invest in the reduction of the carbon intensity of energy to mitigate climate change.

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File URL: ftp://137.248.191.199/RePEc/esi/discussionpapers/2012-11.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography in its series Papers on Economics and Evolution with number 2012-11.

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Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 31 May 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:esi:evopap:2012-11

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Keywords: Climate change mitigation; Kaya identity; Energy intensity; Meta-significance testing;

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References

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  1. Brännlund, Runar & Ghalwash, Tarek & Nordström, Jonas, 2004. "Increased Energy Efficiency and the Rebound Effect: Effects on consumption and emissions," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies, UmeÃ¥ University, Department of Economics 642, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  2. Kander, Astrid, 2005. "Baumol's disease and dematerialization of the economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 119-130, October.
  3. Gross, Christian, 2012. "Explaining the (non-) causality between energy and economic growth in the U.S.—A multivariate sectoral analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 489-499.
  4. James E. Payne, 2010. "Survey of the international evidence on the causal relationship between energy consumption and growth," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(1), pages 53-95, January.
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  7. Sorrell, Steve, 2009. "Jevons' Paradox revisited: The evidence for backfire from improved energy efficiency," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1456-1469, April.
  8. Druckman, Angela & Chitnis, Mona & Sorrell, Steve & Jackson, Tim, 2011. "Missing carbon reductions? Exploring rebound and backfire effects in UK households," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3572-3581, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Corina PÎRLOGEA & Ion POPA & Corina FR?SINEANU, 2012. "Macroeconomic Indicators Used to Study the Efficiency of Investments in Renewable Energy Field," Economia. Seria Management, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 15(2), pages 308-315, December.

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