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Experimentelle Ökonomik, Modell-Platonismus in neuem Gewande?

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  • Werner Güth
  • Hartmut Kliemt

Abstract

Zusammenfassung: In diesem Beitrag lassen wir herkömmliche Kritikpunkte an der ökonomischen Neo-Klassik Revue passieren und untersuchen, inwieweit die heutige experimentelle Ökonomik diesen durch gesteigerte Realwissenschaftlichkeit entgeht. Eine induktive Vorgehensweise, bei der im Labor Ergebnisse unter möglichst "reinen Bedingungen" gesammelt werden sollen, schwebt zwar vielen Experimentatoren vor. Sie hat jedoch zum einen keinen geltungslogischen, sondern nur heuristischen Wert. Zum anderen gelten die so gewonnenen Ergebnisse zunächst nur für die idealen, nicht für die realen Bedingungen. Um den Versuch einer unabhängigen Formulierung allgemeiner Theorien, die im Labor nur getestet werden, kommt deshalb nicht herum, wer Experimenten einen Status wie etwa in den Naturwissenschaften verleihen will.

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Paper provided by Max Planck Institute of Economics, Strategic Interaction Group in its series Papers on Strategic Interaction with number 2002-21.

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Handle: RePEc:esi:discus:2002-21

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  1. Blume, Lawrence & Easley, David, 1992. "Evolution and market behavior," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 9-40, October.
  2. Axel Ockenfels & Gary E. Bolton, 2000. "ERC: A Theory of Equity, Reciprocity, and Competition," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 166-193, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Alice Becker, 2011. "Accountability and the fairness bias in the context of joint production: Effects of bonuses and opportunities," Jena Economic Research Papers 2011-004, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  2. Werner Güth & Hartmut Kliemt, 2004. "Zur ökonomischen Modellierung der Grundlagen und Wurzeln menschlicher Kulturfähigkeit," Papers on Strategic Interaction 2003-18, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Strategic Interaction Group.

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