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What’s best for women: gender based taxation, wage subsidies or basic income?

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  • Colombino, Ugo
  • Narazani, Edlira

Abstract

Gender based taxation (GBT) has been recently proposed as a promising policy in order toimprove women’s status in the labour market and within the family. We use a microeconometricmodel of household labour supply in order to evaluate, with Italian data, the behavioural andwelfare effects of GBT as compared to other policies based on different optimal taxationprinciples. The comparison is interesting because GBT, although technically correct, might faceimplementation difficulties not shared by other policies that in turn might produce comparablebenefits. The simulation procedure accounts for the constraints implied by fiscal neutrality andmarket equilibrium. Our results support to some extent the expectations of GBT’s proponents.However it is not an unquestionable success. GBT induces a modest increase of women’semployment, but similar effects can be attained by universal subsidies on low wages. When thepolicies are evaluated in terms of welfare, GBT ranks first among single women but for the wholepopulation the best policies are subsidies on low wages, unconditional transfers or a combinationof the two.

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Paper provided by EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research in its series EUROMOD Working Papers with number EM10/13.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2013
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Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:ese:emodwp:em10-13

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  1. John Creedy & Alan Duncan, 2001. "Aggregating Labour Supply and Feedback Effects in Microsimulation," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne wp2001n15, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  2. Colombino Ugo, 2012. "Equilibrium simulation with microeconometric models. A new procedure with an application to income support policies," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers, University of Turin 201209, University of Turin.
  3. Alesina, Alberto F & Ichino, Andrea & Karabarbounis, Loukas, 2007. "Gender Based Taxation and the Division of Family Chores," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6591, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Rolf Aaberge, 2007. "Gini’s nuclear family," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 305-322, December.
  5. Apps,Patricia & Rees,Ray, 2009. "Public Economics and the Household," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521716284.
  6. Ugo Colombino & Marilena Locatelli & Edlira Narazani & Cathal O’Donoghue, 2010. "Alternative Basic Income Mechanisms: An Evaluation Exercise with a Microeconometric Model," CHILD Working Papers, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY wp04_10, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  7. Laurens CHERCHYE & Bram DE ROCK & Arthur LEWBEL & Frederic VERMEULEN, 2012. "Sharing rule identification for general collective consumption models," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën ces12.05, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  8. Peter Diamond & Emmanuel Saez, 2011. "The Case for a Progressive Tax: From Basic Research to Policy Recommendations," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 25(4), pages 165-90, Fall.
  9. Aaberge, Rolf & Colombino, Ugo & Strom, Steinar, 1999. "Labour Supply in Italy: An Empirical Analysis of Joint Household Decisions, with Taxes and Quantity Constraints," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 403-22, July-Aug..
  10. repec:rie:review:v:14:y:2009:i:1:n:1 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Massimo Baldini & Stefano Toso & Paolo Bosi, 2002. "Targeting welfare in Italy: old problems and perspectives on reform," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 23(1), pages 51-75, March.
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