Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Education and Unemployment: Patterns of Labour Market Entry in France, the United Kingdom and Germany

Contents:

Author Info

  • Hildegard Brauns
  • Markus Gangl
  • Stefani Scherer
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    "Over the last two decades, youth unemployment emerged as one of the major problems of many contemporary European societies. As educational achievement is regularly claimed to prevent labour market exclusion, this paper explores the educational stratification of unemployment in early labour market career and its institutional embeddedness in specific education and employment systems. For the sake of comparative analysis, the paper investigates youth unemployment in France, the United Kingdom and West Germany as these three countries differ greatly with regard to major institutional characteristics of their education systems and labour markets. The analyses use microdata from national Labour Force Surveys of the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s in order to allow an assessment of recent trends in addition to comparative analysis. Methodologically, we rely on single-stage and sequential logit models to estimate the effects of individual educational achievement on unemployment risks. As a result, we are able to present evidence of a sharp distinction between the educational stratification observed in Germany on the one hand and France and the United Kingdom on the other. In Germany, labour market entry is found to occur fairly smoothly and immediately for vocationally qualified leavers, while extensive search for first jobs is confined exclusively to the least qualified. After initial employment has been found, education plays a negligible role for the risk of unemployment which is much more tied to features of employment positions. In France and Britain, in contrast, the match between qualifications and jobs is less clear-cut. Rather, the level of education provides advantages in terms of less search unemployment and lower job instability, yet differentiation is much less pronounced. In addition, education effects maintain positive impacts on job stability even controlling for positional characteristics, suggesting a more gradual match between qualifications and attainment. Results are found to be stable for both time periods, indicating idiosyncratic rather than secular changes in the educational stratification of youth unemployment over the last decade"

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/publications/wp/erpa/wp-6.html
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/publications/wp/wp-6.pdf
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by MZES in its series MZES Working Papers with number 6.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:erp:mzesxx:p0032

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: D-68131 Mannheim
    Phone: 0049/(0)621-292-1885
    Fax: 0049/(0)621-292-1735
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: France; Germany; history; institutions; sociological institutionalism; sociology; U.K.; unemployment;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Stefani Scherer, 1999. "Early Career Patterns - a Comparison of Great Britain and West Germany," MZES Working Papers 7, MZES.
    2. Anna Kim & Karin Kurz, 2001. "Precarious Employment, Education and Gender: A comparison of Germany and the United Kingdom," MZES Working Papers 39, MZES.
    3. Bruno, Giovanni S. F. & Caroleo, Floro Ernesto & Dessy, Orietta, 2012. "Stepping Stones versus Dead End Jobs: Exits from Temporary Contracts in Italy after the 2003 Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 6746, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Markus Gangl, 2000. "Education and Labour Market Entry across Europe : The Impact of Institutional Arrangements in Training Systems and Labour Markets," MZES Working Papers 25, MZES.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:erp:mzesxx:p0032. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Melbeck).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.