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Internal Migration in Regions of Germany: A Panel Data Analysis

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Abstract

The objectives of this paper are to examine the traditional determinants of interregional migration between regions of Germany after reunification in 1989. The period considered is 1993-95 as the high average migratory flows of the earlier period, 1989-92, had settled down to a level of about 12000 to 15000 per month by 1993. Wage convergence has taken place much more rapidly than the convergence in unemployment rates between regions of East and West Germany. Due to wage convergence we find that the relationship between regional wage differences and migration is non-linear. For white-collar workers the relationship is U-shaped while for the blue-collar workers, the relationship is inverted U-shape. The explanation for such a relationship lies in the ‘option theory of waiting’ and attitudes towards risk under wage convergence. While housing and infrastructure variables do play an important role at the margin, wage convergence can prevent the loss of human capital from East German regions to West Germany.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes in its series Economics Working Papers with number 012.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:epr:enepwp:012

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Related research

Keywords: panel data; wage differences; migration; non-linear and infrastructure;

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Cited by:
  1. Sjef Ederveen & Richard Nahuis & Ashok Parikh, 2005. "Labour Mobility and Regional Disparities: The role of female labour participation," Working Papers 05-31, Utrecht School of Economics.
  2. Frank Heiland, 2004. "Trends in East-West German Migration from 1989 to 2002," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 11(7), pages 173-194, September.
  3. Etzo, Ivan, 2007. "Determinants of interregional migration in Italy:A panel data analysis," MPRA Paper 5307, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Terry Gregory & Melanie Arntz & Florian Lehmer, 2011. "Unequal Pay or Unequal Employment? What Drives the Self-Selection of Internal Migrants in Germany?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p972, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Buch, Tanja & Hamann, Silke & Meier, Henning & Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Peters, Cornelius & Puckelwald, Johannes, 2011. "Analyse der Berücksichtigung eines Wanderungsindikators im Rahmen der Abgrenzung des GRW-Fördergebiets : Gutachten für die Gemeinschaftsaufgabe "Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201104, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  6. Anzelika Zaiceva, 2006. "Self-Selection and the Returns to Geographic Mobility: What Can Be Learned from the German Reunification "Experiment"," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 580, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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