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Specialization and Nonrenewable Resources: Ricardo Meets Ricardo

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  • Ujjayant Chakravorty
  • Darrell Krulce
  • James Roumasset

Abstract

The one demand Hotelling model fails to explain the observed specialization of nonrenewable resources in specific end-uses. We develop a model with multiple demands and multiple resources and grades. Principles of Ricardian absolute and comparative advantage play an important role in determining the extraction profile. Absolute advantage in all end-uses creates a tendency for the dominant resource to be used first. But comparative advantage induces specialization of particular resources in specific end-uses. The 2 x 2 model of energy use is characterized, illustrating the trade-off between least-cost-first and resource specialization. The multiple-demand model also facilitates the analysis of resource and/or end-use-specific taxation.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta) in its series Emory Economics with number 0305.

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Date of creation: Apr 2003
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Handle: RePEc:emo:wp2003:0305

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  1. William D. Nordhaus, 1973. "The Allocation of Energy Resources," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 4(3), pages 529-576.
  2. Amigues, Jean-Pierre & Favard, Pascal & Gaudet, Gerard & Moreaux, Michel, 1998. "On the Optimal Order of Natural Resource Use When the Capacity of the Inexhaustible Substitute Is Limited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 153-170, May.
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  4. Kemp, Murray C & Long, Ngo Van, 1980. "On Two Folk Theorems Concerning the Extraction of Exhaustible Resources," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 663-73, April.
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  8. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Roumasset, James & Tse, Kinping, 1997. "Endogenous Substitution among Energy Resources and Global Warming," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1201-34, December.
  9. Geoffrey Heal, 1976. "The Relationship Between Price and Extraction Cost for a Resource with a Backstop Technology," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 7(2), pages 371-378, Autumn.
  10. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Krulce, Darrell L, 1994. "Heterogeneous Demand and Order of Resource Extraction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(6), pages 1445-52, November.
  11. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya & T. N. Srinivasan, 1998. "Lectures on International Trade, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262522470, December.
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  14. Epstein, Larry G., 1978. "The Le Chatelier Principle in optimal control problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 103-122, October.
  15. Farzin, Y H, 1992. "The Time Path of Scarcity Rent in the Theory of Exhaustible Resources," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(413), pages 813-30, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Lafforgue, Gilles & Magné, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2008. "Energy substitutions, climate change and carbon sinks," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 589-597, November.
  2. GAUDET, Gérard & MOREAUX, Michel & WITHAGEN, Cees, 2005. "The Alberta Dilemma : Optimal Sharing of a Water Resource by an Agricultural and an Oil Sector," Cahiers de recherche 23-2005, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  3. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2011. "Ordering Renewables: Groundwater, Recycling, and Desalination," Working Papers 201105, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  4. Im, Eric Iksoon & Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Roumasset, James, 2006. "Discontinuous extraction of a nonrenewable resource," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 6-11, January.
  5. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2013. "Ordering Extraction from Multiple Aquifers," Working Papers 2013-12, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
  6. Pitafi, Basharat A.K. & Roumasset, James A., 2006. "Integrated management of multiple aquifers with subsurface flows and inter-district water transport," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21473, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2009. "Renewable Resource Management with Alternative Sources: the Case of Multiple Aquifers and a "Backstop" Resource," Working Papers 200913, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  8. Roumasset, James A. & Wada, Christopher A., 2012. "Ordering the extraction of renewable resources: The case of multiple aquifers," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 112-128.

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