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Implementation, Elimination of Weakly Dominated Strategies and Evolotionary Dynamics

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  • Antonio Cabrales
  • Giovanni Ponti

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the realism of mechanisms that implement social choice functions in the traditional sense. Will agents actually play the equilibrium assumed by the analysis? As an example, we study convergence and stability prop-erties of Sjostrom's (1994) mechanism, on the assumption that boundedly rational players find their way to equilibrium using monotonic learning dynamics. This mechanism implements most social choice functions in economic environments using as a solution concept the iterated elimination of weakly dominated strategies (only one round of deletion of weakly dominated strategies is needed). There are, how-ever, many sets of Nash equilibria whose payoffs may be very different from those desired by the social choice function. We show that many equilibria in all the sets of equilibria we have described are the limit points of trajectories that have completely mixed initial conditions. The initial conditions that lead to these equilibria need not be very close to the limiting point. Furthermore, even if the dynamics converge to the "right" set of equilibria, it still can converge to quite a poor outcome in welfare terms.

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Paper provided by ESRC Centre on Economics Learning and Social Evolution in its series ELSE working papers with number 057.

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Handle: RePEc:els:esrcls:057

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sandholm,W.H., 2001. "Negative externalities and evolutionary implementation," Working papers 15, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  2. Giovanni Ponti & Anita Gantner & Dunia López-Pintado & Robert Montgomery, 2003. "Solomon's Dilemma: An experimental study on dynamic implementation," Review of Economic Design, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 217-239, October.
  3. Tumennasan, Norovsambuu, 2013. "To err is human: Implementation in quantal response equilibria," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 138-152.
  4. Galbiati, Marco, 2008. "Fair divisions as attracting Nash equilibria of simple games," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 72-75, July.
  5. Maskin, Eric & Sjostrom, Tomas, 2001. "Implementation Theory," Working Papers 5-01-1, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Economics.
  6. Antonio Cabrales & Roberto Serrano, 2007. "Implementation in Adaptive Better-Response Dynamics," Economics Working Papers we075731, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  7. David K. Levine & Aldo Rustichini, 2000. "Introduction," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 3(2), pages 213-215, April.
  8. Cason, Timothy N. & Saijo, Tatsuyoshi & Sjostrom, Tomas & Yamato, Takehiko, 2003. "Secure Implementation Experiments: Do Strategy-proof Mechanisms Really Work?," Working Papers 4-03-1, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Economics.
  9. David K Levine & Aldo Rustichini, 2000. "Introduction: The Dynamic Games Special Issue," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2127, David K. Levine.
  10. Roberto Serrano, 2003. "The Theory of Implementation of Social Choice Rules," Economics Working Papers 0033, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science.
  11. Jordi Brandts & Antonio Cabrales & Gary Charness, 2007. "Forward induction and entry deterrence: an experiment," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 183-209, October.
  12. Sandholm,W.H., 1999. "Evolutionary implementation and congestion pricing," Working papers 38, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.

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