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Proximity and scientific collaboration: Evidence from the global wine industry

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Author Info

  • Lorenzo Cassi
  • Andrea Morrison
  • Roberta Rabellotti

Abstract

International collaboration among researchers is a far from linear and straightforward process. Scientometric studies provide a good way of understanding why and how international research collaboration occurs and what are its costs and benefits. Our study investigates patterns of international scientific collaboration in a specific field: wine related research. We test a gravity model that accounts for geographical, cultural, commercial, technological, structural and institutional differences among a group of Old World (OW) and New World (NW) producers and consumers. Our findings confirm the problems imposed by geographical and technological distance on international research collaboration. Furthermore, they show that similarity in trade patterns has a positive impact on international scientific collaboration. We also find that international research collaboration is more likely among peers, in other words, among wine producing countries that belong to the same group, e.g. OW producers or newcomers to the wine industry.

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File URL: http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg1405.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 1405.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision: Feb 2014
Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1405

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Related research

Keywords: Proximity; International scientific collaboration; Wine industry; Gravity model; Scientometrics; Emerging countries;

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References

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  1. L. Cusmano & A. Morrison & R. Rabellotti, 2009. "Catching-up Trajectories in the Wine Sector: A Comparative Study on Chile, Italy and South Africa," Working Papers Prin 001, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
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  12. Montobbio Fabio & Sterzi Valerio, 2012. "The globalization of technology in emerging markets: a gravity model on the determinants of international patent collaborations," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 201208, University of Turin.
  13. Anne-Célia Disdier & Keith Head, 2008. "The Puzzling Persistence of the Distance Effect on Bilateral Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(1), pages 37-48, February.
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  17. Lorenzo Cassi & Andrea Morrison & Anne L.J. Ter Wal, 2012. "The Evolution of Trade and Scientific Collaboration Networks in the Global Wine Sector: A Longitudinal Study Using Network Analysis," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 88(3), pages 311-334, 07.
  18. Ron Boschma, 2005. "Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 61-74.
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Cited by:
  1. Morrison, Andrea & Rabellotti, Roberta, 2014. "Gradual Catch Up And Enduring Leadership In The Global Wine Industry," Working Papers 164650, American Association of Wine Economists.

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