Proximity and the Evolution of Collaboration Networks: Evidence from R&D Projects within the GNSS Industry
AbstractIncreasing attention had been given recently to understand how networks affect organizational performance in innovation studies. Surprisingly, underlying mechanisms of their evolution have been more neglected, and still remain unclear. This lack of interest is denounced today by recent papers which claim that it is a crucial issue for economic geography. Especially the influence of different forms of proximity on the networkÌs changes needs to be clarified. This paper contributes to this ongoing debate by determining empirically how organizations choose their partners given to their geographical, organizational, institutional, cognitive and social proximity. The relational database is constructed from publicly available information on the R&D collaborative projects of the 6th European Union Framework Program within the navigation by satellite industry (GNSS). Patterns of evolution of the GNSS collaboration network are determined according to a longitudinal study of the relational changes occurred between four consecutive years, from 2004 to 2007. Empirical results show that geographical, organizational and institutional proximity favour collaboration. Inversely, organizations prefer to avoid partnerships when they share a cognitive proximity (same knowledge bases). The last result demonstrates that the kind of project studied does not create a sufficient level of social proximity to stimulate collaboration.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 0914.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision: Oct 2009
proximity; collaboration networks; innovation; network longitudinal analysis; R&D collaborative projects; SIENA;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O32 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-10-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2009-10-17 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-GEO-2009-10-17 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INO-2009-10-17 (Innovation)
- NEP-KNM-2009-10-17 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-NET-2009-10-17 (Network Economics)
- NEP-PPM-2009-10-17 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
- NEP-SBM-2009-10-17 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-SOC-2009-10-17 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2009-10-17 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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