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The non-optimality of the Mexican indirect tax system

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Author Info

  • Castañón-Herrera, Alberto

    (Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)

  • Urzúa, Carlos M.

    ()
    (Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México)

Abstract

This paper starts with a review of the marginal tax reform methodology that was first advanced by Ahmad and Stern (1984), as well as its second-order variant introduced by Urzúa (2005). After that, it reviews some aspects of the estimation of demand systems, a topic that, although well known to applied econometricians, might be unfamiliar to practitioners. Finally, using an estimated demand system, the paper identifies marginal and second-order improvements in the current Mexican indirect tax system. For the non-experts, an appendix provides a computer code in Stata that can be used to estimate demand systems of the type considered here.

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File URL: http://alejandria.ccm.itesm.mx/egap/documentos/EGAP-2011-02.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México in its series EGAP Working Papers with number 2011-02.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ega:docume:201102

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Web page: http://www.ccm.itesm.mx/egap/
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Keywords: Mexico; microsimulation models; marginal tax reform; Ahmad-Stern; social welfare; demand systems;

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  1. J. Scott Shonkwiler & Steven T. Yen, 1999. "Two-Step Estimation of a Censored System of Equations," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(4), pages 972-982.
  2. Lahatte, Agenor & Miquel, Ruth & Laisney, Francois & Preston, Ian, 1998. "Demand systems with unit values:: A comparison of two specifications," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 281-290, March.
  3. Ray, Ranjan, 1983. "Measuring the costs of children : An alternative approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 89-102, October.
  4. Jorge N. Valero Gil, 2006. "Estimación de elasticidades e impuestos óptimos a los bienes más consumidos en México," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 21(2), pages 127-176.
  5. Bev Dahlby, 2008. "The Marginal Cost of Public Funds: Theory and Applications," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262042509, December.
  6. Crawford, Ian & Laisney, Francois & Preston, Ian, 2003. "Estimation of household demand systems with theoretically compatible Engel curves and unit value specifications," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 221-241, June.
  7. Deaton, Angus, 1987. "Estimation of own- and cross-price elasticities from household survey data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 7-30.
  8. Nicita, Alessandro, 2004. "Efficiency and equity of a marginal tax reform - income, quality, and price elasticities for Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3266, The World Bank.
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