Impact of Eco-Labelling on Indonesia's Smallholder Coffee Farmers
AbstractIn terms of value, coffee which is mostly grown on smallholder farms, ranked fourth in the exports of food and agricultural commodities of Indonesia in 2008. Together with state-owned and private plantations, they add up to 969,082 ha of area harvested – the second largest in the world. Nevertheless, Indonesia ranked only seventh in the world in terms of yield per hectare. In addition, the coffee sector is facing many problems related to environment and its sustainability. Eco-labelling can be a solution to indirectly increase productivity and solve environmental problems brought about by coffee cultivation through better farming techniques imposed by eco-labelling organizations. This research studies the impact of eco-labelling implementation by Indonesia’s smallholder coffee farmers using financial analysis. Financial analysis was used to compare the profitability of eco-labelling and non-eco-labelling smallholder coffee farms. Descriptive statistical analysis was also used to present the stakeholders’ and farmers’ perceptions of eco-labels in the coffee sector. To get the primary data, survey and personal in-depth interviews were conducted. Findings show that eco-labelling in the coffee sector is profitable as evidenced by the results of cash flow analysis for both eco-labelled and non-eco-labelled Arabica and Robusta coffee farms. Nevertheless, problems still exist in the implementation of coffee certification i.e., limited support from government, quite difficult to implement due to low educational level of farmers and lack of awareness of advantages of eco-labels, the differences of certification scheme required by different coffee-importing countries, and financing problem for the certification fee.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) in its series EEPSEA Research Report with number rr2013032.
Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision: Mar 2013
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pollution; Eco-labelling; Indonesia;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2013-08-05 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2013-08-05 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-ENV-2013-08-05 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-SEA-2013-08-05 (South East Asia)
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