Does Industrial Relocation Work - A Case Study from China
AbstractIn recent years, Chinese policy makers have tried to balance development in different regions of the country by relocating industrial production from prosperous zones to less developed areas. However, this type of industrial relocation is usually accompanied by the transfer of pollution problems. To shed more light on the costs and benefits of this important policy tool, this study looks at the relocation of ceramics production from one region of Guangdong Province to another. This study analyzing a series of different industrial relocation scenarios, the study teams finds that the transfer of some ceramics production from populous Foshan to the less densely populated Qingyuan would be an effective way of reducing the overall negative effects of the industry's air pollution. However, the study underlines the importance of using effective pollution-abatement technology and recommends that such technology should be implemented in Foshan and in any new ceramics factories in Qingyuan. It finds that the value of the health benefits produced by installing this technology will greatly exceed the cost of putting the technology in place.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) in its series EEPSEA Policy Brief with number pb2010081.
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision: Aug 2010
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