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Determinants of net trade flows in the OECD: new evidende with special emphasis on the case of the former communist members

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Abstract

This study explores - by estimating an econometric panel data model – the capacity of some of the hypotheses formulated in the recent dynamic models of trade and economic growth to explain the bilateral trade of OECD countries. In this respect, special emphasis is placed on the former communist members in order to assess whether their case differs from that of the OECD on the whole. Amongst other findings, our study suggests that the larger a country’s endowment of capital, both tangible and intangible (human and technological capital), in relation to that of its trade partners, the better the export/import ratio of its bilateral trade. It also shows that direct investment enhances the export/import ratio with the host country. The results obtained for the former communist countries reflect only a few minor differences in relation to the others.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Economy Group in its series European Economy Group Working Papers with number 4.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eeg:euroeg:4

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Postal: Despacho 104.Pabelloon de Segundo, Facultad de Economicas. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcon, Madrid
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Postal: Despacho 104.Pabelloon de Segundo, Facultad de Economicas. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcon, Madrid
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Web: http://www.ucm.es/info/econeuro

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Keywords: trade flows; Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs);

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References

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  1. Grossman, Gene M. & Helpman, Elhanan, 1995. "Technology and trade," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 25, pages 1279-1337 Elsevier.
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  7. Elhanan Helpman, 1998. "Explaining the structure of foreign trade: Where do we stand?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 134(4), pages 573-589, December.
  8. Davis, Donald R., 1995. "Intra-industry trade: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Ricardo approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 201-226, November.
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  13. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum, 1997. "Technology and Bilateral Trade," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 79, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  14. Deardorff, Alan V., 1984. "Testing trade theories and predicting trade flows," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 10, pages 467-517 Elsevier.
  15. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-18, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Carmela Martin & Francisco J. Velazquez & Jorge Crespo., 2001. "The Role of International Technological Spillovers in the Economic Growth of the OECD Countries ," European Economy Group Working Papers 6, European Economy Group.

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