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Is the Border Effect an Artefact of Geographic Aggregation?

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Author Info

  • Carlos Llano-Verduras

    (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain)

  • Asier Minondo

    (Deusto Business School, Spain)

  • Francisco Requena-Silvente

    (Universidad de Valencia, Spain)

Abstract

The existence of a large border effect is considered as one of the main puzzles of international macroeconomics. We show that the border effect is, to a large extent, an artefact of geographic concentration. In order to do so we combine international flows with intranational flows data characterised by a high geographic grid. At this fine grid, intra-national flows are highly localised and dropping sharply with distance. The use of a small geographical unit of reference to measure intra-national bilateral trade flows allows to estimating correctly the negative impact of distance on shipments. When we use sector disaggregated export flows of 50 Spanish provinces in years 2000 and 2005 split into interprovincial and inter-national flows, we find that the border effect is reduced substantially and even becomes statistically not different from zero in some estimations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia in its series Working Papers with number 1108.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1108

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Keywords: border effect; distance; interregional trade; international trade; Spanish provinces;

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References

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  1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2000. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Working Papers 7777, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Santos Silva, Joao & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2005. "The Log of Gravity," CEPR Discussion Papers 5311, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Chen, Natalie, 2002. "Intra-national versus International Trade in the European Union: Why do National Borders Matter?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3407, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  8. Llano Verduras, C., 2004. "The Interregional Trade in the Context of a Multirregional Input-Output Model for Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 1-34, Diciembre.
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  19. Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2005. "A Spatial Theory of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1464-1491, December.
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  23. John F. Helliwell & Geneviève Verdier, 2001. "Measuring internal trade distances: a new method applied to estimate provincial border effects in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1024-1041, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Cletus C. Coughlin & Dennis Novy, 2012. "Is the International Border Effect Larger than the Domestic Border Effect? Evidence from U.S. Trade," CEP Discussion Papers dp1162, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Diaz-Lanchas, Jorge & Llano, Carlos & Zofío, José Luis, 2013. "Trade margins, transport cost thresholds and market areas: Municipal freight flows and urban hierarchy," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2013/10, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  3. Garmendia, Aitor & Llano, Carlos & Minondo, Asier & Requena, Francisco, 2012. "Networks and the disappearance of the intranational home bias," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 178-182.

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