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The Effectiveness of Private Voucher Education: Evidence from Structural School Switches

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  • Bernardo Lara
  • Alejandra Mizala
  • Andrea Repetto

    ()

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the effect of private voucher education on student academic performance using new data on Chilean students and a novel identification strategy. Most schools in Chile provide either primary or secondary education. We analyze the effect of private voucher education on students that are forced to enroll at a different school to attend secondary education once graduated from primary schooling –structural switches. Moreover the data set used in this paper contains information on previous academic achievement and thus allows us to identify differences in students’ unobservable characteristics. Using a number of propensity score based econometric techniques and changes- in-changes estimation methods we find that private voucher education leads to small, sometimes not statistically significant differences in academic performance. The estimated effect of private voucher education amounts to about 4 to 6 percent of one standard deviation in test scores. The literature on Chile based on cross sectional data had previously found positive effects of about 15 to 20 percent of one standard deviation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 263.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:263

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Andrea Repetto & Alejandra Mizala & Bernardo Lara, 2010. "Una Mirada a la Efectividad de los Profesores en Chile," Working Papers wp_004, Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government.
  2. Juan F. Escobar & Juuso Toikka, 2013. "Efficiency in Games With Markovian Private Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 81(5), pages 1887-1934, 09.
  3. Ferreyra, Maria Marta & Liang, Pierre Jinghong, 2012. "Information asymmetry and equilibrium monitoring in education," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 237-254.
  4. Felipe Balmaceda & Juan F. Escobar, 2012. "Self Governance in Social Networks of Information Transmission," Documentos de Trabajo 290, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  5. Sofia Bauducco & Alexandre Janiak, 2012. "Minimum wages strike back: the effects on capital and labor demands in a large-firm framework," Documentos de Trabajo 287, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  6. Marianne P. Bitler & Thurston Domina & Emily K. Penner & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2013. "Distributional Effects of a School Voucher Program: Evidence from New York City," NBER Working Papers 19271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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