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Lecciones de la investigaci�n econ�mica sobre el rol del sector privado en educaci�n

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  • Pablo Gonz�lez

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Abstract

El art�culo presenta los elementos conceptuales necesarios para comprender el rol econ�mico del estado y del sector privado en educaci�n. Posteriormente describe las ventajas y defectos de la gesti�n de establecimientos educacionales tanto por parte de agentes privados como de agentes p�blicos, as� como los beneficios y problemas de la competencia y el financiamiento p�blico v�a "vouchers", fuertemente asociada con el fomento de la actividad privada. Se discuten tambi�n los argumentos relacionados con el lucro en este �mbito. La segunda parte revisa la literatura emp�rica internacional sobre la eficiencia relativa del sector privado y los efectos de la competencia, destacando los problemas que deben enfrentarse en estas investigaciones y que explican resultados a veces contradictorios o de dif�cil interpretaci�n para fines de pol�tica p�blica. Uno de los grandes desaf�os que deben enfrentar los sistemas educacionales es mejorar la informaci�n sobre resultados en el sistema escolar, compatibiliz�ndola con la necesidad de flexibilidad curricular y de integraci�n de alumnos con dificultades. El desarrollo de sistemas de medici�n de "valor agregado" producido por los establecimientos educacionales y la especificaci�n de derechos de los consumidores en este mercado est�n a la base tanto de una confluencia de los intereses de los oferentes privados con los objetivos de pol�tica p�blica, como del funcionamiento m�s eficiente de los agentes p�blicos en este �mbito.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 117.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:117

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Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/
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