Las tasas de paro regionales españolas: convergencia o polarización
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to present a systematic and detailed account regarding the behavior of Spanish regional unemployment rates throughout the last two decades of the 20th century. In a first approach we use descriptive techniques that allow to confirm the existence, and especially the persistence, of regional differences through time. Next, we use statistical techniques to asses if a convergence process has taken place, or alternatively, a polarization tendency is observed in the Spanish case. The main conclusion of the paper is that a weak convergence processes in the regional unemployment rate is consistent with a stronger polarization effect, that does not affect the whole set of Spanish regions. In Spain two clusters of regions are identified, whith opposite unemployment behaviors: those regions in the Ebro axis and Balearic Islands show unemployment rates below the national average, while the other cluster shows values 1,5 times greater than this average. Furthermore, a third group is converging towards the national average. These differences imply that the conclusions regarding a convergence or divergence process in Spain may be taken with caution.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia in its series Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica with number 0040.
Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: 2009
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paro; convergencia; polarización; Kernel; cluster;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
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- Victor Montuenga & Roberto Bande & Melchor Fernandez, 2011.
"Wage flexibility and local labour markets: homogeneity of the wage curve in Spain,"
ERSA conference papers
ersa11p414, European Regional Science Association.
- Roberto Bande Ramudo & Melchor Fernández Fernández & Víctor Montuenga Gómez, 2011. "Wage flexibility and local labour markets: homogeneity of the wage curve in Spain," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0044, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.
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