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Relative Backwardness and Technological Catching Up with Scale Effects

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  • Sung Jin Kang

    (University of Tsukuba)

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    Abstract

    This paper theoretically and empirically analyzes the sources of the observed pattern that the levels and growth rates of technology are different across countries. The model is extended version of endogenous growth models with catching up model which is formulated by the relative backwardness hypothesis and the adoption capacity. The relative backwardness hypothesis states that the backward countries attain a high productivity growth rate because adopting advanced technologies is easier and less costly than innovation, Thus, the technologically less advanced countries tend to grow faster than technologically leading countries. A necessary condition, in order that the laggard countries might be able to take advantage of the available technology, is the well-developed capacity, ``Adoption capacity'', to adopt the superior technology. This is determined by policy variables that are conducive to technology adoption. The catching up theory states that technological catching up is strongest in countries that are not only technologically backward but also in those countries which have policy determinants conducive to technology adoption. Theoretically, it is shown that the steady state growth rate of technology is determined by population growth rate while the steady state relative backwardness depends on the adoption capacity, the productivity in the R&D sector, and the relative human capital stock. The empirical relevance of the catching up theory is investigated as well. The empirical results support the formalized catching up theory by showing the significant role which policy determinants conducive to technological adoption play. The robust role of scale effects in explaining technological catching up is also shown. Further, the speeds of technological catching up are estimated to be around 2 percent.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers with number 0407.

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    Date of creation: 01 Aug 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:ecm:wc2000:0407

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