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The Strategic Impact of Pace in Double Auction Bargaining

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  • Steven Gjerstad

Abstract

This paper evaluates performance of human subjects and instances of a bidding model that interact in continuous-time double auction experiments. Asks submitted by instances of the seller model ("automated sellers") maximize the seller's expected surplus relative to a heuristic belief function, and arrive stochastically according to an exponential distribution. Automated buyers are similar. Across experiment sessions we vary the exponential distribution parameters of automated sellers and buyers in order to assess the impact of the relative pace of asks and bids on the performance of both human subjects and the automated sellers and buyers. In these experiments, prices converge and allocations converge to efficiency, yet the split of surplus typically differs significantly from the equilibrium split. In order to evaluate the impact of pace, a statistical model is developed in which the relative performance of sellers to buyers is examined as a function of the profile of types present in each experiment session. This econometric model demonstrates that (1) human buyers outperform human sellers, (2) automated sellers and buyers with a longer expected time between asks or bids outperform faster automated sellers and buyers, and (3) the performance of the faster automated buyers is comparable to that of human buyers

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings with number 190.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:nawm04:190

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Keywords: Double auction; experimental economics; bounded rationality; bargaining;

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  1. Gode, Dhananjay K & Sunder, Shyam, 1993. "Allocative Efficiency of Markets with Zero-Intelligence Traders: Market as a Partial Substitute for Individual Rationality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(1), pages 119-37, February.
  2. Daniel Friedman, 1982. "Price Formation in Double Auction Markets," UCLA Economics Working Papers, UCLA Department of Economics 278, UCLA Department of Economics.
  3. Gjerstad, S. & Dickhaut, J., 1995. "Price Formation in Double Auctions," Papers, Minnesota - Center for Economic Research 284, Minnesota - Center for Economic Research.
  4. Easley, David & Ledyard, John., . "Theories of Price Formation and Exchange in Double Oral Auctions," Working Papers, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences 611, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
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