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"The Relationship between Exports and Productivity at the Plant level in the Turkish Apparel and Motor Vehicle Parts Industries

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  • Mahmut Yasar & Carl H. Nelson
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    Abstract

    We investigate the relationship between exports and productivity in the Turkish apparel and motor vehicle and parts industries from 1990-1996, using two different models for plant-level panel data. In the first model, we examine the effect of past export status on current productivity both with and without controlling for the export history of plants. Our results show that the plants' prior market experience is a factor in their current productivity. The learning effects are evident among continuing exporters and entrants. This model, however, neither controls for the endogeneity of the explanatory variables nor for the unobserved plant-specific effects that persist over time. Moreover, it does not distinguish between the long- and short-run relationships between exports and productivity. Thus, a second model, an Error- Correction specification for panel data, is estimated to address these three issues. Our findings suggest that there is a bidirectional relationship between exports and productivity both in the short- and long-run. The effect of productivity on exporting is much stronger than the effect of exporting on productivity, suggesting that more productive firms enter the export market, then they experience a productivity enhancement due to their participation in the export market

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings with number 138.

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    Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:ecm:nasm04:138

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    Related research

    Keywords: Productivity; Multilateral Index; Exports; Causality; Error-Correction Model; Dynamic Panel Data Estimator; System GMM.;

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    1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
    2. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
    3. Aw, Bee Yan & Chen, Xiaomin & Roberts, Mark J., 2001. "Firm-level evidence on productivity differentials and turnover in Taiwanese manufacturing," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 51-86, October.
    4. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
    5. Bee Yan Aw & Sukkyun Chung & Mark J. Roberts, 1998. "Productivity and the Decision to Export: Micro Evidence from Taiwan and South Korea," NBER Working Papers 6558, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:
    1. Silviano Esteve-Pérez & Juan Máñez-Castillejo & Juan Sanchis-Llopis, 2008. "Does a “survival-by-exportingâ€\x9D effect for SMEs exist?," Empirica, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 81-104, March.

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