Anger and Advancement versus Sadness and Subjugation: The Effect of Negative Emotion Expressions on Social Status Conferral
AbstractFour studies examine status conferral (decisions about to whom positions of status and power should be given). All of the studies show that people confer more status to targets who express anger than to targets who express sadness. In the first study, participants watched a video of President Clinton expressing either anger or sadness when talking about the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Those who say the anger clip were more likely to believe that Clinton should remain president than those who saw the sad clip. In the second study, participants said they were more likely to vote for an unknown political candidate when they saw him deliver a speech about terrorism in an angry way than when they saw the same speech delivered in a sad way. The third study showed that a manager's ratings of how likely people in his department were to be promoted were positively correlated with co-works' ratings of the degree to which these workers expressed anger at work. In the final study, participants who viewed a job candidate describing himself as having felt angry about a negative event from his previous job assigned him a higher status position and a higher salary than when the job candidate said he felt sad about the event. Further, Studies 2,3,and 4 showed that anger expressions created impressions that the expressor was competent, and, these perceptions of competence mediated the relationship between emotion expression and status conferral.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stanford University, Graduate School of Business in its series Research Papers with number 1615.
Date of creation: Jan 2001
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- Ursula Hess, 2003. "Les émotions au travail," CIRANO Burgundy Reports 2003rb-04, CIRANO.
- Damen, F.J.A. & Knippenberg, B. van & Knippenberg, D.L. van, 2006. "Affective Match: Leader Emotional Displays, Follower Positive Affect, and Follower Performance," Research Paper ERS-2006-072-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus Uni.
- Susan Rivers & Marc Brackett & Nicole Katulak & Peter Salovey, 2007. "Regulating anger and sadness: an exploration of discrete emotions in emotion regulation," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 393-427, September.
- Elfenbein, Hillary Anger, 2007. "Emotion in Organizations: A Review in Stages," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt2bn0n9mv, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
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