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Is There a Role for the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding

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  • Brinda Wachs

    ()
    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

  • Geoffrey Hamilton

    ()
    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

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    Abstract

    The focus of this essay is to enquire as to what role UNECE can play in conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The historic role of the UNECE in bridging the East-West divide and guiding the transition process of the former planned economies is testimony to the importance of this type of activity. During the transition process, political and economic systems often had to be recreated from scratch and sometimes in newly formed nation States. The lessons learned during this process, especially regarding the importance of good governance, provide the basis of the UNECE’s contribution to conflict prevention and post-conflict peacebuilding. The regional significance of peacebuilding and thus the role of a regional body such as UNECE is stressed by explaining that conflicts usually have major transboundary impacts such as migration, environmental degradation, disrupted transportation corridors, or broken trade links. The authors also provide an overview of the institutional initiatives that are being developed within the various UN agencies and other international organizations emphasizing their activities in South-east Europe and Central Asia. The essay ends by considering the future role of UNECE in creating a framework convention or standards, on the basis of agreed principles for post-conflict governance.

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    File URL: http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/oes/nutshell/2009/10_PreventionAndPeacebuilding.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNECE in its series UNECE Annual Report Economic Essays with number 2009_10.

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    Length: 7 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in United Nations ECE 2009 Annual Report
    Handle: RePEc:ece:annrep:2009_10

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    Keywords: Peace building; Europe; transition economies; institutional cooperation;

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