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Optimal monetary policy in a new Keynesian model with habits in consumption

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  • Leith, Campbell
  • Moldovan, Ioana
  • Rossi, Raffaele

Abstract

While consumption habits have been utilised as a means of generating a hump shaped output response to monetary policy shocks in sticky-price New Keynesian economies, there is relatively little analysis of the impact of habits (particularly, external habits) on optimal policy. In this paper we consider the implications of external habits for optimal monetary policy, when those habits either exist at the level of the aggregate basket of consumption goods (‘superficial’ habits) or at the level of individual goods (‘deep’ habits: see Ravn, Schmitt-Grohe, and Uribe (2006)). External habits generate an additional distortion in the economy, which implies that the flex-price equilibrium will no longer be efficient and that policy faces interesting new trade-offs and potential stabilisation biases. Furthermore, the endogenous mark-up behaviour, which emerges when habits are deep, can also significantly affect the optimal policy response to shocks, as well as dramatically affecting the stabilising properties of standard simple rules. JEL Classification: E30, E57, E61

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1076.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20091076

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Keywords: consumption habits; nominal inertia; optimal monetary policy;

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References

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  1. Leith, Campbell & Moldovan, Ioana & Rossi, Raffaele, 2009. "Optimal monetary policy in a new Keynesian model with habits in consumption," Working Paper Series 1076, European Central Bank.
  2. Smets, Frank & Wouters, Raf, 2007. "Shocks and frictions in US business cycles: a Bayesian DSGE approach," Working Paper Series 0722, European Central Bank.
  3. Morten Ravn & Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé & Mart�n Uribe, 2006. "Deep Habits," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 73(1), pages 195-218.
  4. Campbell Leith & Jim Malley, 2002. "Estimated General Equilibrium Models for the Evaluation of Monetary Policy in the US and Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 699, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Ravn, Morten O. & Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín & Uusküla, Lenno, 2009. "Deep Habits and the Dynamic Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 7128, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  17. Michael Woodford, 2001. "The Taylor Rule and Optimal Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 232-237, May.
  18. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2003. "An Estimated Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Model of the Euro Area," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(5), pages 1123-1175, 09.
  19. Jeffrey C. Fuhrer, 2000. "Habit Formation in Consumption and Its Implications for Monetary-Policy Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 367-390, June.
  20. Zubairy, Sarah, 2010. "Deep Habits, Nominal Rigidities and Interest Rate Rules," MPRA Paper 26053, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. David M. Arseneau & Sanjay K. Chugh, 2008. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy in customer markets," International Finance Discussion Papers 919, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Kolasa, Marcin & Lombardo, Giovanni, 2011. "Financial frictions and optimal monetary policy in an open economy," Working Paper Series 1338, European Central Bank.
  3. Campbell Leith & Ioana Moldovan & Raffaele Rossi, 2012. "Online Appendix to "Optimal Monetary Policy in a New Keynesian Model with Habits in Consumption"," Technical Appendices 09-154, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  4. Ivan Petrella & Raffaele Rossi & Emiliano Santoro, 2012. "Monetary Policy with Sectoral Linkages and Durable Goods," Discussion Papers 12-19, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  5. Punnoose Jacob, 2013. "Deep Habits, Price Rigidities and the Consumption Response to Government Spending," CAMA Working Papers 2013-72, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  6. Giovanni Melina & Stefania Villa, 2013. "Fiscal Policy and Lending Relationships," IMF Working Papers 13/141, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Airaudo, Marco & Olivero, María Pía, 2014. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Counter-Cyclical Credit Spreads," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2014-1, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  8. Campbell Leith & Ioana Moldovan & Raffaele Rossi, 2008. "Optimal monetary policy in a new Keynesian model with habits in consumption," Working Papers 2008_30, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow, revised Dec 2008.
  9. Kirsanova, Tatiana & Leith, Campbell & Chen, Xiaoshan, 2013. "How Optimal is US Monetary Policy?," SIRE Discussion Papers 2013-53, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  10. Zubairy, Sarah, 2010. "Deep Habits, Nominal Rigidities and Interest Rate Rules," MPRA Paper 26053, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Barnett, William & Eryilmaz, Unal, 2012. "An analytical and numerical search for bifurcations in open economy New Keynesian models," MPRA Paper 40426, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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