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How is real convergence driving nominal convergence in the new EU Member States?

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  • Lein-Rupprecht, Sarah M.
  • León-Ledesma, Miguel A.
  • Nerlich, Carolin

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the empirical relevance of real convergence on the process of nominal convergence for the new EU Member States. We discuss two of the main channels through which real convergence could affect relative prices with respect to the euro area: productivity growth and increased trade openness. Productivity growth can have a positive effect on price levels via the Balassa-Samuelson effect, whereas increased openness leads to reductions in mark-ups and costs and therefore can have a negative impact on prices. In order to assess their empirical relevance, we used a Structural VAR model to which we applied a model reduction algorithm. This method accounts for endogeneity and simultaneity and circumvents the problem of limited data availability. Our findings show that, in general, openness has had a negative impact and productivity growth a positive one on price level convergence with respect to the euro area. JEL Classification: O52, E31

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0827.

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Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20070827

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Keywords: inflation; new EU Member States; nominal convergence; real convergence;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Zsolt Darvas & Gy�rgy Szap�ry, 2008. "Euro Area Enlargement and Euro Adoption Strategies," European Economy - Economic Papers 304, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  2. TRIANDAFIL, Cristina Maria, 2013. "Sustainability of convergence in the context of macro-prudential policies in the European Union," Working Papers of National Institute of Economic Research 130618, National Institute of Economic Research.
  3. Crespo Cuaresma , Jesus & Fernandez Amador, Octavio, 2010. "Business cycle convergence in EMU: A second look at the second moment," Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2010-13, University of Salzburg.
  4. Yunus, Nafeesa & Swanson, Peggy E., 2012. "Changing integration of EMU public property markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 194-208.
  5. Monfort, Mercedes & Cuestas, Juan Carlos & Ordóñez, Javier, 2013. "Real convergence in Europe: A cluster analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 689-694.
  6. Triandafil, Cristina Maria, 2011. "The Analysis Of The Convergence Criteria. Empirical Perspective In The Context Of The Sustainable Character Highlight," Working Papers of National Institute of Economic Research 111205, National Institute of Economic Research.
  7. Siklos, Pierre L., 2010. "Meeting Maastricht: Nominal convergence of the new member states toward EMU," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 507-515, March.
  8. Karsten Staehr, 2010. "Income convergence and inflation in Central and Eastern Europe : does the sun always rise in the East," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2010-04, Bank of Estonia, revised 22 Mar 2010.
  9. Simeon Coleman, 2008. "Inflation persistence in the Franc Zone: evidence from disaggregated prices," Working Papers 2008/16, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham Business School, Economics Division.
  10. Karsten Staehr, 2010. "Inflation in the New EU Countries from Central and Eastern Europe : Theories and panel data estimations," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2010-06, Bank of Estonia, revised 26 May 2010.
  11. Marjan Senjur, 2010. "Differential inflation, Phillips curves, and price competitiveness in a new euro-member country," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 253-273, November.
  12. Edda Zoli, 2009. "Commodity Price Volatility, Cyclical Fluctuations, and Convergence," IMF Working Papers 09/41, International Monetary Fund.

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