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Price changes in Finland: some evidence from micro CPI data

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  • Kurri, Samu
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    Abstract

    In this paper we analyse the Finnish consumer price changes from February 1997 to December 2004 on the basis of a set of microdata which covers over half of the items included in the Finnish CPI. Our findings can be summarised with four stylised facts. Firstly, only a small fraction of prices change monthly. In the period under review, an average 80% of prices remained unchanged in consecutive months. Secondly, price changes can be large in both directions. Thirdly, positive inflation is due to the higher number of price increases compared to decreases, and the magnitude of price changes is more or less in balance. Finally, the decomposition of monthly inflation to the weighted fraction of products with price changes and the weighted average of those price changes seems to give support for the time-dependent modelling of Finnish consumer prices, although signs of state-dependent pricing can also be found in the data. JEL Classification: E31, D40, L11

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0728.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20070728

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    Keywords: consumer prices; rigidity; state-dependent pricing; time-dependent pricing;

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    1. Daniel Dias & Carlos Robalo Marques & Pedro Duarte Neves & J.M.C.Santos Silva, 2004. "On the Fisher-Konieczny Index of Price Changes Synchronization," Working Papers w200407, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
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    4. Luis J. Álvarez & Ignacio Hernando, 2004. "Price setting behaviour in Spain: stylised facts using consumer price micro data," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0422, Banco de Espa�a.
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    Cited by:
    1. Luis J. Alvarez, 2007. "What Do Micro Price Data Tell Us on the Validity of the New Keynesian Phillips Curve?," Kiel Working Papers 1330, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    2. Samu Kurri, 2009. "Price Changes in Finland: Some Evidence from the Micro CPI data," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 47-62, Autumn.
    3. Konstantins Benkovskis & Ludmila Fadejeva & Krista Kalnberzina, 2010. "Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Descriptive Evidence from CPI Microdata," Discussion Papers 2010/01, Latvijas Banka.

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