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Determinants of workers’ remittances: evidence from the European Neighbouring Region

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  • Schiopu, Ioana
  • Siegfried, Nikolaus

Abstract

Workers’ remittances have become the second largest source of net financial flows to developing countries. However, the main motives for sending remittances remain controversial. This paper examines the importance of altruistic versus investment motives using a new panel data set of bilateral flows from 21 Western European to 7 EU neighbouring countries. We find that altruism is important for remitting, as the GDP differential between sending and receiving countries is positively correlated with the average remittance per migrant. By contrast, interest rate differentials are insignificant, suggesting a weak investment motive. Finally, migrants’ skills raise remittances, while a large informal economy in the sending country depresses official remittance flows. JEL Classification: D13, D64, F22, F24, O15

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0688.

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Date of creation: Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20060688

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Keywords: altruism; balance of payments; migrants' skills; migration; remittances;

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References

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  1. Flore Gubert, 2002. "Do Migrants Insure Those who Stay Behind? Evidence from the Kayes Area (Western Mali)," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 267-287.
  2. Faini, Riccardo, 1994. "Workers Remittances and the Real Exchange Rate: A Quantitative Framework," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 235-45.
  3. El-Sakka, M. I. T. & McNabb, Robert, 1999. "The Macroeconomic Determinants of Emigrant Remittances," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1493-1502, August.
  4. Cox, Donald & Eser, Zekeriya & Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1998. "Motives for private transfers over the life cycle: An analytical framework and evidence for Peru," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 57-80, February.
  5. Elbadawi, Ibrahim & de Rezende Rocha, Robert, 1992. "Determinants of expatriate workers'remittances in North Africa and Europe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1038, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Akira Shimada, 2012. "Migration decisions, expected remittances, and altruism," International Review of Economics, Springer, vol. 59(3), pages 285-296, September.
  2. Monica Roman, 2013. "Financial Effects of the International Migration in Europe: Modelling the Decision to Remit," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(4), pages 541-555, June.
  3. Nwosu O. Emmanuel & Fonta M. William & Aneke Gladys & Yuni N. Denis, 2012. "Microeconomic determinants of migrant remittances to Nigerian households," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(4), pages 3425-3438.
  4. Aysit Tansel & Pinar Yasar, 2010. "Macroeconomic impact of remittances on output growth: Evidence from Turkey," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 7(2), pages 132-143, October.
  5. DavidG. Blanchflower & Chris Shadforth, 2009. "Fear, Unemployment and Migration," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(535), pages F136-F182, 02.
  6. Zizi GOSCHIN & Monica ROMAN, 2012. "Determinants of the remitting behaviour of Romanian emigrants in an economic crisis context," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 3, pages 87-103, December.
  7. James Ted McDonald & M. Rebecca Valenzuela, 2009. "The Impact of Skill Mismatch among Migrants on Remittance Behaviour," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 242, McMaster University.
  8. Frankel, Jeffrey A., 2010. "Are Bilateral Remittances Countercyclical?," Scholarly Articles 4450131, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
  9. Sule Akkoyunlu, 2010. "Are Turkish migrants altruistic? Evidence from the macro data," KOF Working papers 10-246, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  10. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport & Sara Salomone, 2011. "Remittances, Migrants' Education and Immigration Policy: Theory and Evidence from Bilateral Data," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1119, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  11. Zizi Goschin, 2013. "The Remittances As A Potential Economic Growth Resource For Romania," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 2(15), pages 29.
  12. Adenutsi, Deodat E. & Aziakpono, Meshach J. & Ocran, Matthew K., 2011. "The changing impact of macroeconomic environment on remittance inflows in sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 37067, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Barua, Shubhasish & Majumder, Md. Alauddin & Akhtaruzzaman, Dr. Md., 2007. "Determinants of Workers’ Remittances in Bangladesh: An Empirical Study," MPRA Paper 15080, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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