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The price setting behaviour of Spanish firms: evidence from survey data

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  • Álvarez, Luis J.
  • Hernando, Ignacio

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a survey carried out by the Banco de España on a sample of around 2000 spanish firms to deepen the understanding of firms’ price setting behaviour. The main findings may be summarised as follows. Most Spanish firms are price setters that use predominantly state-dependent rules or a combination of time- and statedependent rules when reviewing their prices. Changes in costs are the main factor underlying price increases, whereas changes in market conditions (demand and competitors’ prices) are the main driving forces of price decreases. The degree of price flexibility is directly related to the share of energy inputs over total costs and to the intensity of competition, whereas it is inversely linked to the labour share. The three theories of price stickiness that receive the highest empirical support are implicit contracts, coordination failure and explicit contracts. JEL Classification: D40, E31

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0538.

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Date of creation: Oct 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20050538

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Keywords: price setting; Price stickiness; survey data;

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