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Optimal research in financial markets with heterogeneous private information: a rational expectations model

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  • Tinn, Katrin

Abstract

This paper investigates prices and endogenous research decision for financial assets. In rational expectations models with public information, higher order beliefs make investors to overweight the public information relative to underlying fundamentals. The extent of this mispricing is higher if the variance of private signals is relatively high. The model presented in this paper extends this setting by incorporating the research cost decision and endogenising the variance of the private signals that short-lived investors obtain in each period. It turns out that investors will be less willing to research in periods when there is an alternative asset with high return available. Furthermore, the optimal research decision will depend on the time left to the maturity of the asset. This explains, in a rational setting, why long lived assets like stocks may be priced based on the public information rather than research on fundamentals. JEL Classification: G12, G14

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Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0493.

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Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20050493

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Keywords: Financial markets imperfections; heterogeneous information; research costs;

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  1. Philippe Bacchetta & Eric Van Wincoop, 2008. "Higher Order Expectations in Asset Pricing," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(5), pages 837-866, 08.
  2. Nicholas Barberis & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1997. "A Model of Investor Sentiment," NBER Working Papers 5926, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Diamond, Douglas W. & Verrecchia, Robert E., 1981. "Information aggregation in a noisy rational expectations economy," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 221-235, September.
  4. Nicholas Barberis & Andrei Shleifer, 2000. "Style Investing," NBER Working Papers 8039, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Admati, Anat R, 1985. "A Noisy Rational Expectations Equilibrium for Multi-asset Securities Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(3), pages 629-57, May.
  6. Franklin Allen & Stephen Morris & Hyun Song Shin, 2003. "Beauty Contests, Bubbles and Iterated Expectations in Asset Markets," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1406, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  7. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Mendoza, Enrique G., 2000. "Rational contagion and the globalization of securities markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 79-113, June.
  8. Menkhoff, L., 1998. "The noise trading approach -- questionnaire evidence from foreign exchange," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 547-564, June.
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