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Money supply and the implementation of interest rate targets

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  • Schabert, Andreas

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the relation between interest rate targets and money supply in a (bubble-free) rational expectations equilibrium of a standard cash-in-advance model. We examine contingent monetary injections aimed to implement interest rate sequences that satisfy interest rate target rules. An interest rate target with a positive inflation feedback in general corresponds to money growth rates rising with inflation. When prices are not completely flexible, this implies that a non-destabilizing money supply cannot implement a forward-looking and active interest rate rule. This principle also applies for an alternative model version with an interest elastic money demand. The implementation of a Taylor-rule then requires a money supply that leads to explosive or oscillatory equilibrium sequences. In contrast, an inertial interest rate target can be implemented by a non-destabilizing money supply, even if the inflation feedback exceeds one, which is often found in interest rate rule regressions. JEL Classification: E52, E41, E32

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Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0483.

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Date of creation: May 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20050483

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Keywords: contingent money supply; interest rate inertia; interest rate rules; macroeconomic stability; policy equivalence;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Schabert, Andreas & van Wijnbergen, Sweder, 2006. "Debt, Deficits and Destabilizing Monetary Policy in Open Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 5590, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Andreas Schabert, 2005. "Discretionary Policy, Multiple Equilibria, and Monetary Instruments," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-098/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Andreas Schabert, 2006. "Central Bank Instruments, Fiscal Policy Regimes, and the Requirements for Equilibrium Determinacy," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 06-025/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  4. Auray, Stéphane & Fève, Patrick, 2008. "On the observational (non)equivalence of money growth and interest rate rules," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 801-816, September.
  5. Schabert, Andreas, 2009. "Money supply, macroeconomic stability, and the implementation of interest rate targets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 333-344, June.

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