The Phillips curve and long-term unemployment
AbstractThis paper studies the role of long-term unemployment in the determination of prices and wages. Labor market theories such as insider-outsider models predict that this type of unemployed are less relevant in the wage formation process than the newly unemployed. This paper looks for evidence of this behavior in a set of OECD countries. For this purpose, I propose a new specification of the Phillips Curve that contains different unemployment lengths in a time-varying NAIRU setting. This is done by constructing an index of unemployment that assigns different weights to the unemployed based on the length of their spell. The results show that unemployment duration matters in the determination of prices and wages, and that a smaller weight ought to be given to the long-term unemployed. This modified model has important implications for the policy maker: It produces more accurate forecasts of inflation and more precise estimates of the NAIRU. JEL Classification: C22, E31, E50, J64
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0441.
Date of creation: Feb 2005
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-10-04 (All new papers)
- NEP-FOR-2005-10-04 (Forecasting)
- NEP-LAB-2005-10-04 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2005-10-04 (Macroeconomics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Fed Watch: Rising NAIRU?
by Mark Thoma in Economist's View on 2010-07-27 07:33:00
- Rising NAIRU?
by Tim Duy in tim duy's fed watch on 2010-07-27 06:09:27
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"How much has labour taxation contributed to European structural unemployment?,"
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- Christophe Planas & Werner Roeger & Alessandro Rossi, 2003. "How much has labour taxation contributed to European structural unemployment?," European Economy - Economic Papers 183, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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- Chetouane, Mabrouk & Lemoine, Matthieu & De la Serve, Marie-Elisabeth, 2011. "Impact de la crise sur la croissance potentielle. Une approche par les modèles à composantes inobservables," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6706, Paris Dauphine University.
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Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 25-46, December.
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