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Production interdependence and welfare

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  • Huang, Kevin X. D.
  • Liu, Zheng

Abstract

The international welfare effects of a country's monetary policy shocks have been controversial in the new open economy macro (i.e., NOEM) literature. While a unilateral monetary expansion increases the production efficiency in each country, it affects the terms of trade in favor of one country against another depending on the currencies of price setting. In this paper, we incorporate multiple stages of production and trade into a standard NEOM model to capture world production interdependence, and show that increased world production interdependence tends to magnify the e±ciency-improvement effect while dampening the terms-of-trade effect. As a consequence, a unilateral monetary expansion can be mutually beneficial regardless of in which currency prices are set. In this sense, international monetary policy transmission may not be a source of potential conflict in a world with production interdependence. JEL Classification: E32, F31, F41

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Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0355.

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Date of creation: May 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20040355

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Keywords: Local currency pricing; Monopolistic competition; Stages of processing; Welfare;

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  1. Robert Feenstra, 2003. "Integration Of Trade And Disintegration Of Production In The Global Economy," Working Papers 986, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
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  12. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 2001. "The Optimal Choice of Exchange Rate Regime: Price-Setting Rules and Internationalized Production," NBER Chapters, in: Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey, pages 163-194 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1998. "Sticky price models of the business cycle: can the contract multiplier solve the persistence problem?," Staff Report 217, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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Cited by:
  1. Liu, Zheng & Pappa, Evi, 2008. "Gains from international monetary policy coordination: Does it pay to be different?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 2085-2117, July.
  2. Zheng Liu & Evi Pappa, 2005. "Gains from coordination in a multi-sector open economy : does it pay to be different?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 525, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Kanda Naknoi & Michael Kumhof & Douglas Laxton, 2005. "On the Benefits of Exchange Rate Flexibility under Endogenous Tradedness of Goods," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 405, Society for Computational Economics.
  4. Berger, Wolfram, 2006. "International interdependence and the welfare effects of monetary policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 399-416.

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