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Forecasting inflation with thick models and neural networks

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  • McNelis, Paul
  • McAdam, Peter

Abstract

This paper applies linear and neural network-based “thick” models for forecasting inflation based on Phillips–curve formulations in the USA, Japan and the euro area. Thick models represent “trimmed mean” forecasts from several neural network models. They outperform the best performing linear models for “real-time” and “bootstrap” forecasts for service indices for the euro area, and do well, sometimes better, for the more general consumer and producer price indices across a variety of countries. JEL Classification: C12, E31

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0352.

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Date of creation: Apr 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20040352

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Keywords: bootstrap; Neural Networks; Phillips Curves; real-time forecasting; Thick Models;

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  1. N. Gregory Mankiw & Ricardo Reis, 2003. "What Measure of Inflation Should a Central Bank Target?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(5), pages 1058-1086, 09.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mariano Matilla-Garcia & Carlos Arguello, 2005. "A hybrid approach based on neural networks and genetic algorithms to the study of profitability in the Spanish Stock Market," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(5), pages 303-308.
  2. M. Ali Choudhary & Adnan Haider, 2012. "Neural network models for inflation forecasting: an appraisal," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(20), pages 2631-2635, July.
  3. McAdam, Peter, 2003. "US, Japan and the euro area: comparing business-cycle features," Working Paper Series 0283, European Central Bank.
  4. Dieppe, Alistair & McAdam, Peter, 2006. "Monetary policy under a liquidity trap: Simulation evidence for the euro area," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 338-363, September.
  5. McAdam, Peter & Mestre, Ricardo, 2008. "Evaluating macro-economic models in the frequency domain: A note," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1137-1143, November.

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