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Anticipated Ramsey reforms and the uniform taxation principle: the role of international financial markets

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  • Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie
  • Uribe, Martín

Abstract

This paper studies the role of asset-market completeness for the properties of optimal fiscal and monetary policy. A suitable framework for this purpose is the small open economy with complete international asset markets. For in this environment changes in policy represent country-specific risk diversifiable in world markets. Our main finding is that the fundamental public finance principle whereby when taxes on all final goods are available, it is optimal to tax final goods uniformly fails to obtain. In general, uniform taxation is optimal because it amounts to a non-distorting tax on fixed factors of production. In the open economy this principle fails because when households can insure against the risk of a policy reform, initial private asset holdings are contingent on actual policy and thus no longer represent an inelastically supplied source of income. Furthermore optimal consumption and income taxes do not respond to government purchases shocks and the Friedman rule is optimal only if the Ramsey planner has access to consumption taxes. JEL Classification: F41, E52, E61, E63

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 0210.

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Date of creation: Jan 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20030210

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  1. Helpman, Elhanan, 1981. "An Exploration in the Theory of Exchange-Rate Regimes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 865-90, October.
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  5. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy under Imperfect Competition," Departmental Working Papers 200101, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  6. Alan C. Stockman, 1978. "A Theory of Exchange Rate Determination," UCLA Economics Working Papers 113, UCLA Department of Economics.
  7. Correia, Maria Isabel Horta & Teles, Pedro, 1996. "Is the Friedman Rule Optimal When Money is an Intermediate Good?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1287, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Jordi Gali & Tommaso Monacelli, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 438, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 15 Nov 1999.
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  10. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 540-42, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Liu, X, 2010. "Is Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy Time Consistent?," MPRA Paper 28781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. David Arseneau, 2012. "Expectation traps in a new Keynesian open economy model," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 81-112, January.
  3. Ester Faia & Tommaso Monacelli, 2004. "Ramsey Monetary Policy and International Relative Prices," 2004 Meeting Papers 249, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Alexandre B. Cunha, 2005. "The Optimality of the Friedman Rule When Some Distorting Taxes Are Exogenous," IBMEC RJ Economics Discussion Papers 2005-06, Economics Research Group, IBMEC Business School - Rio de Janeiro.
  5. Ruy Lama & Juan Pablo Medina, 2004. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Under Segmented Asset Markets and Sticky Prices," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 286, Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Alexandre Cunha, 2004. "The Friedman Rule in a Two Sector Small Open Economy," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 530, Econometric Society.
  7. Senay, Ozge & Sutherland, Alan, 2010. "The Timing of Asset Trade and Optimal Policy in Dynamic Open Economies," SIRE Discussion Papers 2010-60, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  8. Ascari, Guido & Rankin, Neil, 2007. "Perpetual youth and endogenous labor supply: A problem and a possible solution," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 708-723, December.
  9. Liu, Xuan, 2013. "Time consistency of optimal monetary and fiscal policy in a small open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 47-67.

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